3rd Company, Washington Battalion Volunteer Artillery (Miller's, Hero's)
From Sifakis, Compendium of C.S. Armies: Louisiana, 33-34, 37-39:
Organization: Organized at New Orleans as a battery in 1838. Mustered into Confederate service for the war with four companies in Lafayette Square, New Orleans on May 26, 1861. ... Captured as part of Walker's artillery column on April 8, 1865.
First Commander: James B. Walton, MAJ, COL [promoted & detached, February 1864]
Field Officers: Benjamin F. Eshleman, MAJ, LTC [February 27,1864]; Merritt B. MILLER, MAJ; William M. Owen, MAJ [assigned April 10, 1864], LTC
Organization: Organized at New Orleans in the spring of 1861. Mustered into Confederate service for the war in Lafayette Square, New Orleans on May 26, 1861. It was armed with three 6-lb. Smoothbores and one 6-lb. Rifles[sic] on July 21, 1861. It was armed with two 12-lb. Napoleons from August to December 1862. It was armed with three 12-lb. Napoleons on July 1-3, 1863. It was armed with four 12-lb. Napoleons on December 28, 1864. Captured as part of Walker's artillery column on April 8, 1865.
First Commander: Merritt B. MILLER, CPT [promoted & transferred, February 27, 1864]
Captain: Andrew Hero, Jr. [February 27, 1864]
Assignments: D.R. Jones' Brigade, Army of the Potomac [section] (Jul 61); Longstreet's Brigade, Army of the Potomac [section] (Jul 61); D.R. Jones' Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac [section] (Jul 61); Longstreet's Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac [section] (Jul 61); Washington Artillery Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac (Aug-Oct 61); Washington Artillery Battalion, Reserve Artillery, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia (Oct 61-Feb 62); Washington Artillery Battalion, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia (Mar-May 62); Washington Artillery Battalion, Longstreet's Division, Army of Northern Virginia (Jun 62); Washington Artillery Battalion, Longstreet's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jun-Jul 62); Washington Artillery Battalion, Artillery Reserve, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Aug 62-Jul 63); Washington Artillery Battalion, Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jul-Sep 63); Washington Artillery Battalion, Department of North Carolina (Sep 63); Washington Artillery Battalion, Walton's Artillery Command, Department of North Carolina (Dec 63-May 64); Washington Artillery Battalion, Hoke's Division, Department of North Carolina (May 64); Washington Artillery Battalion, Hoke's Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia (May 64); Washington Artillery Battalion, Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jun 64-Apr 65)
Battles: Blackburn's Ford [section] (July 18, 1861); 1st Bull Run (July 21, 1861); Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862); Mechanicsville (June 26, 1862); Gaines' Mill (June 27, 1862); Savage's Station (June 29, 1862); Frayser's Farm (June 30, 1862); Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862); Rappahannock Station and Beverly Ford (August 23, 1862); 2nd Bull Run (August 28-30, 1862); Chantilly (September 1, 1862); South Mountain (September 14, 1862); Antietam (September 17, 1862); Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862); Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1862); Gettysburg (July 1-2, 1863); Waynesboro (July 5, 1863); Williamsport (July 6, 1863); New Bern Campaign [detachment] (January-February 1864); Port Walthall Junction (May 6, 1864); Chester Station (May 10, 1864); Drewry's Bluff (May 16, 1864); Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864); Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865); Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865); Fort Gregg [detachment] (April 2, 1865); Fort Whitworth [detachment] (April 2, 1865); Appomattox Campaign (March-April 1865)
From Bergeron, La. Confed. Units, 14-16:
"Probably the most famous Louisiana unit in the Confederate army next to Wheat's Tiger Battalion, the Washington Artillery traces its lineage back to 1838 in the state militia. Four companies entered Confederate service on May 26, 1861, and left for Virginia. On arrival at Manassas Junction, the battalion lost 1 officer and 5 enlisted men in its first skirmish, at Blackburn's Ford, July 18, 1861. In the Battle of Manassas, July 21, the battalion performed gallant service and received praise from General Pierre G. T. Beauregard for its "skill, conduct, and soldierly qualities." During the fall and winter of 1861, the battalion occupied camps in the vicinity of Manassa and Centreville; and detachments from the battalion engaged in several skirmishes in the area. The battalion received orders to join General James Longstreet's division on March 5, 1862, and was connected with that general's command throughout most of the remainder of the war. Shortly after this assignment, the battalion accompanied the army on its retreat to Orange Court House and moved to Richmond about April 12. From Richmond the battalion marched down the peninsula and participated in the closing stages of the Yorktown Campaign. The 2nd Company fought in a skirmish at Mechanicsville on May 23, and the 1st Company was engaged at New Bridge on June 5. During the Seven Days' Battles, the battalion was held in reserve and not engaged. The 1st Company engaged several enemy vessels on the James River near Charles City Court House, July 5-7. On August 23, the battalion helped drive the enemy back in a skirmish at Rappahannock Station. The battalion fought at the Battle of Second Manassas, August 29-31; 1 man was killed and 9 were wounded. In the Battle of Sharpsburg, September 17, the battalion helped repulse several enemy attacks. At one point, when the men of the 3rd Company had become exhausted, General Longstreet and his staff assisted in working the guns. The battalion occupied quarters at Winchester, Virginia, after the retreat from Maryland, and on November 22 it reached Fredericksburg. During the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, three companies of the battalion occupied positions atop Marye's Heights and helped throw back the numerous enemy assaults on the Confederate lines. The 2nd Company was in reserve during the battle. The battalion occupied winter quarters near Fredericksburg. When the Chancellorsville Campaign began, the battalion once again defended Marye's Heights. On May 3, 1863, the enemy attacked and overran the battalion's position, capturing six guns and 33 men. The battalion arrived on the battlefield of Gettysburg on July 2. The next day, the men participated in the long artillery duel that preceded Pickett's Charge. During the retreat back to Virginia, the battalion fought in an engagement at Williamsport on July 6. After a brief stop at Orange Court House, the battalion proceeded to Petersburg in September to occupy part of that city's defensive works. Not until May, 1864, did the battalion again engage the enemy. The men participated in the successful defense of Drewry's Bluff, May 12-16. After a brief assignment to cover several fords over the Chickahominy River east of Richmond in June, the battalion returned to the Petersburg defenses. The battalion participated in the lengthy siege operations around the city, July, 1864-April, 1865. Small detachments of the 3rd Company played a gallant role in the defense of Fort Gregg and Fort Whitworth on April 2 but were overrun and captured. During the retreat toward Appomattox, the battalion, along with several other artillery units, got separated from the rest of the army. Hearing of General Robert E. Lee's surrender, the men destroyed their gun carriages near Amelia Court House and started making their way toward home. Three officers and 27 enlisted men were paroled with Lee's army at Appomattox. Approximately 719 men served in the battalion during the war. Of that number, 62 died in battle, 2 were killed in accidents, 1 drowned, and 20 died of disease."
From Bergeron, La. Confed. Units, 14:
"3rd Company (Orleans). Merritt B. Miller, promoted and transferred February 27, 1864; Andrew Hero, Jr."
CSRC, M320, rolls 62-71 [entire battalion]
ADAM, Louis A. 2LT. // CSRC, Index.
+BLANCHARD, James D. Artificer. Res. New Orleans. Occup. carpenter. Age 44. Married.
En. 26 May 61, New Orleans. Pres. May-Dec 61. Abs. sick Jan-Feb 62. Mar-Apr 62: D. [n.d.,n.p.]. (B1:6b) // Probably not Cajun.
CANTRELLE, Michel. Pvt. From Company A, 7th Bn. Inf. // CSRC, Index.
DE BLANC, Armand. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
DE BLANC, Auguste E. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
DE BLANC, Octave N. Sgt. // CSRC, Index.
DUPRE, Adolphe, Jr. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
GERARD, Leon M. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
GERARD, Philebert. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
GUILLOT [Guillotte], Henry. Pvt. B. LA. Res. New Orleans. Occup. clerk. Age 20 at en. Single. En. 3 Jun 63, Mobile, AL. Jul-Aug 63: Pres. Jnd. co. [?] Jul 63. Pres. Sep -Aug 64. Sep-Oct 64: Pres. on extra daily duty on Med. Bn. Pres. Jan-Feb 65. POW prl. Lynchburg, VA, 13 Apr 65. (B2:134)
GUILLOT [Guyot], Louis E. [L. C., L. G.]. Pvt. Q.M.Sgt. B. LA. Res. New Orleans. Occup. clerk. Age 41. Married. En. 20 May 61, New Orleans, 2nd Co. Pres. May-Aug 61. Prm. to Q.M.Sgt., 23 Jun 61, Order No. 22. Trfr. to 3rd Co. Sep-Oct 61: Abs. on outpost duty. Nov 61-Feb 63: Abs. or pres. not stated. Pres. Mar 63-Feb 65. [NFR.] (B2:142)
JOHNSON, William N. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
JOUBERT, Eugene. Pvt. // CSRC, Index. // Served also in 4th Company, this battalion.
MILLER, Merritt B. CPT. MAJ. // CSRC, Index.PATIN, Paul T. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
RIVIERE, Ernest. Pvt. // CSRC, Index. // Served also in 1st Company, this battalion.
ROUSSEAU, Jules A. A. Pvt. // CSRC, Index: J. A. A. ROUSSEAU, Jules A. A. ROUSSEAU. // Served also in Company E, Orleans Guard Regiment, Volunteer State Troops Militia Infantry as Cpl.
ROUSSEAU, Samuel. Pvt. // Booth, La. Confed. Soldiers, 3(2):400. CSRC, Index. // Served also in Company C, 7th Battalion Infantry; & Company K, 15th Regiment Infantry.
SMITH, Charles. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
SMITH, Robert. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
SMITH, Thomas W. Pvt. // CSRC, Index.
21 3rd Co., Washington Bn. Arty.
Individuals from non-Cajun families, CSRC Index
ADDE, Joseph A. Pvt. ANDERSON, John. Driver ANDRESS, Frank M. Pvt. ANDRESS, Stephen S. Pvt. 4
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copyright (c) 2002-04 Steven A. Cormier