Henderson's Hill, LA

March 21, 1864

Looking west towards Hendersonís Hill.  The Confederates were camped atop the hill beyond the edge of the woods.  During a rainstorm the Federals attacked the camp, scattering some of the Confederates, but capturing most.

Photo and caption by Dave Comeau, October 1997

 

State historical marker at the site:

Affair at Henderson's Hill

Possibly no campaign of the American Civil War evolved from a more complex series of events than did the Federal invasion of Northwest Louisiana known as the Red River Campaign.  Although lasting only from March 12 to May 20, 1864, this expedition represented the culmination of political, economic, ideological, and diplomatic pressures, some of which had been at work even before the war itself began.  The affair at Hendersonís Hill was part of this Red River Campaign.  Hendersonís Hill is located about 3.5 miles southwest of Boyce and 300 feet west of this marker.  

At Alexandria, on March 21, 1864, an expedition was organized against the Confederate strong point at Hendersonís Hill.  This expedition, under the command of Brig. Gen. Mower of the 16th Corps, included three brigades of Gen. A.J. Smithís command and a brigade of cavalry of the 19th Corps under Col. Lucas of the 16th Indiana Volunteers.  Confederate forces, which included the 2nd Louisiana Cavalry under the command of Col. William G. Vincent, and William Edgarís battery of light artillery, were surprised by the Federal units.  Col. Vincent escaped, but 250 Confederates were captured along with Edgarís four-gun battery.  Eight Confederates were killed and one Federal soldier was reported wounded.