Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s




Antoine Belliveau, a farm worker perhaps from La Chaussée, near Blois, in the Orleanais region of the Loire valley in France, arrived in Acadia by 1645 and married Andrée Guyon, widow of ____ Bernard, at Port-Royal in c1651.  Their daughter married into the Bourgeois family.  Their only son, Jean, born at Port-Royal in c1652, became a carpenter as well as a farmer.  He married twice, first to Jeanne, daughter of Antoine Bourg and Antoinette Landry, at Port-Royal in c1673, and settled on the north shore of Rivière-au-Dauphin, today's Annapolis River, below Port-Royal.  He also owned land at Chignecto in 1701.  Jean and Jeanne had four children.  Their daughter married into the Boudrot family.  Their three sons, all born at Port-Royal, created families of their own:

Oldest son Jean, fils, also called le jeune, born in c1674, married Madeleine, daughter of Charles Melanson and Marie Dugas, at Port-Royal in c1696.  They had five children, including three sons who married into the Granger and Gaudet families. Their daughter married into the Landry family.  Jean, fils died at Port-Royal in c1707.  

Charles dit Bideau, born in c1678, married Marie, another daughter of Charles Melanson and Marie Dugas, at Port-Royal in c1698.  They had 13 children, including two sons who married into the Gaudet and Blanchard families.  Five of their daughter married into the Gaudet, Lanoue, and Poirier families. 

Youngest son Antoine dit Blondin, born in c1680, married Marie, daughter of Claude Thériot and Marie Gautrot, at Port-Royal in c1701.  They had nine children, including three sons who married into the Dugas, Gaudet, and Melanson families.  Their three daughter married into the Bourg and Granger families.  Antoine died at Annapolis Royal in c1740, age 61.  One of his sons, Joseph, the one who married into the Gaudet family, moved to Chignecto.  The others remained at Annapolis Royal.  

Jean, père remarried to Cécile, yet another daughter of Charles Melanson and Marie Dugas and widow of Abraham Boudrot, in c1703.  She gave him three more children.  Their two daughters married into the Boudrot, Fougère, and Dugas families.  Their only son created a family of his own:

Louis, born at Port-Royal in c1708, married Louise, daughter of Michel Haché dit Gallant and Anne Cormier, at Port-La-Joye, Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, in June 1735.  In August 1752, a French official counted Louis, Louise, and six of their children at Tracadie, on the north shore of the island. 

In c1721, Jean, père left Annapolis Royal and took his second wife and their children to Port-Toulouse on Île Royale, now Cape Breton Island, far from the hated British.  He moved to Île St.-Jean in c1728, where he died at Tracadie in the mid-1730s, in his 80s.  Some of his descendants remained on the island, at Port-La-Joye and Tracadie.  

[For more of this family in pre- and post-disperal Acadia and Canada, see Book Three]

In 1755, descendants of Antoine Belliveau could be found at Annapolis Royal and on Île St.-Jean. 


[For the family's travails in the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]


Only one Belliveau seems to have made it to Louisiana, Pierre dit Bideau.  Judging by his dit, he was probably a descendant of Charles dit Bideau of Port-Royal, one of Jean, père's sons by his first wife.  The date of Pierre dit Bideau's arrival in Louisiana, where he settled, and who he married, if he married at all, remain a mystery to this researcher.  I have found him only in Wall of Names, in which he is listed singly with the Acadians who came to Louisiana between 1764 and 1785.  A perusal of the church records of the New Orleans, river, and prairie parishes where the first Acadians in Louisiana settled, turns up no one named Belliveau.  Neither have I found anyone by that name in the censuses listed in this study or on the passenger lists of the Seven Ships of 1785 from France.  So it is safe to say that this old Acadian family, whose descendants up in Canada can be numbered in the thousands and whose blood can be found in so many South Louisiana families, did not establish roots in the Bayou State. 

The family's name also is spelled Beliveau, Belivo, Belyvo.  [See also Book Ten]

Sources:  Arsenault, Généalogie, 408-27, 842-45, 2206-07; Brasseaux, "Scattered to the Wind", 55-61; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:148; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 24; Historical Atlas of Canada, 1: plate 29; <>; Appendix; White, DGFA-1, 96-104; White, DGFA-1 English, 19-20; Milling, Exile Without End, 41-42; Wall of Names, 11. 

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):




Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)


Pointe Coupée




Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)


Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)


San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)


St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)


Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)


New Orleans (Orleans)


St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)


Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)


Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Pierre dit Bideau BELLIVEAU 01 ???? ? no information ... yet


01.  Wall of Names, 11 (1R), calls him Pierre BELLIVEAU dit Bideau, & lists him separately.  I have found him in no other source.

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Copyright (c) 2006-16  Steven A. Cormier