Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s
Philippe Mius d'Entremont of Cherbourg, Normandy, came to Acadia in 1651 as a lieutenant of Charles La Tour, a childhood friend. Philippe was 50, a lieutenant-major, married to Madeleine Hélie, and father of a daughter when he was named La Tour's adjutant. In 1653, during his second tenure as governor of the colony, La Tour awarded the trusty Mius d'Entremont the seigneurie of Pobomcoup, now Pubnico, near Cap-Sable, where Philippe and Madeleine settled for most of their time in Acadia; Philippe thus became the sieur d'Entremont, baron de Pobomcoup, lieutenant-major et commandant des troupes. His barony ran from Cap-Nèigre, northeast of Cap-Sable, around to Cap-Fourchu near present-day Yarmouth. He built his feudal house near the entry to the harbor at Pobomcoup. One biographer asserts: "D'Entremont played an important part in the colony's history both because of what he did as an administrator and because he was one of the rare Acadian seigneurs to concern himself with cultivation and with clearing land; he attracted to his estate 'several indentured workers and a few families from Port-Royal ... and this seigneury eventually formed a small centre of population.'" In 1670, at age 69, upon the restoration of the colony to France, Philippe became the King's attorney in Acadia. He served in this capacity until 1688, when old age and infirmity (he was 87!) compelled him to relinquish the post. In his final days he lived for a time at Minas with his older daughter and died in c1700 at age 99, "with all his teeth," either at Minas or Port-Royal. He and his wife Madeleine had four more children in Acadia, including three sons who created families of their own. Their older daughter married into the Melanson dit LaVerdure family.
Oldest son Jacques Mius d'Entremont, sieur et baron de Pobomcoup, co-seigneur of Port-Royal and Acadia, born at Pobomcoup in c1658, married Anne, daughter of Charles La Tour and Jeanne Motin de Reux, Charles d'Aulnay's widow, in c1678. Jacques and Anne had nine children, including four sons who married into the Amireau, d'Abbadie de Saint-Castin, Landry, Boudreaux, and Molaison families. Their five daughters married into the Dupont Duvivier, Dupont Duchambon, Landry, Boulais de Saillans, Pastour de Costebelle, Navailles de Labatut, and Lafitte families. Philippe Pastour de Costebelle was governor of Newfoundland when he married Jacque's daughter Anne at Port-Dauphin, Newfoundland, in February 1716; she was age 22, and he was 55; she had married her first husband, Antoine de Boulais de Saillans, an ensign in the French troupes de la marine, when she was only 13 and, according to Acadian historian Father Clarence-J. d'Entremont, " became ... the youngest widow in the annals of Acadian, and even of Canada." Anne remarried--her third marriage--to French baron Chevalier Laurent de Navailles de Labatut at St.-Eustache de Paris in France in August 1719. She lived at her husband's family estate, the Château de Navailles-Labatut, which still stands near the village of Labutat-Figuières in the Béarn hills north of the Pyrenées, in the far southwest corner of France. She died at the château in October 1778, in her 80s, when her D'Entremont kinsmen were languishing far to the north at the port of Cherbourg, to which they had been deported 20 years earlier. Jacques died in 1735 or 1736 probably at Pobomcoup. His descendants used the surname Mius d'Entremont or D'Entremont.
Abraham Mius, sieur de Pleinmarais, born at Pobomcoup in c1658, married Marguerite, another daughter of Charles La Tour and sister of his brother's wife Anne, in c1676. They had nine children also. Four of their daughters married into the Bourgeois, Crépeau, Channitteau, and Landry families. None of Abraham's three sons seems to have survived childhood, so this line of the family, except for its blood, did not continue. Abraham died in September 1704, in his mid-40s. His daughters used the surname Mius.
Youngest son Philippe Mius d'Azy, born at Pobomcoup in c1660, married first an Indian woman whose name has been lost to history, in c1678. Philippe also lived for a time at La Hève, up the coast from Cap-Sable. He and his first wife had five children, including a son who married into the Amireau dit Tourangeau family and settled at Port-Royal, and two sons who also married Indian women. One of those sons lived at Mouscoudabouet, now Musquodoboit Harbor near present-day Halifax. Philippe's two daughters married into the Viger and Bonnevie dit Beaumont families. Philippe remarried to another Indian woman, Marie, in c1687. They had nine children, including five sons, four of whom married. One son married into the Lapierre family. The surnames of three of the other married sons' wives have been lost, so they probably married Mi'kmaq women. Philippe and Marie's four daughters married into the Thomas, Guédry dit Gravois, Grand-Claude, and Cellier dit Charêt families. Philippe, fils's descendants used the surname Mius d'Azy. Some of them left peninsula Acadia for Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, by the 1750s.
In 1755, descendants of Philippe Mius d'Entremont could be found at Annapolis Royal, on Île St.-Jean, and in France, but they were especially plentiful in the family's barony at Pobomcoup.
LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT
Le Grand Dérangement scattered this family even farther:
While the British were gathering up the Acadians in Nova Scotia in the fall of 1755, Marguerite Mius d'Azy of Port Lajoie, Île St.-Jean, and her new husband, Jean Delâge dit Langlois, left the island for Québec, where Marguerite died in early October 1755, age 36.
There were descendants of Philippe Mius d'Azy still at Annnapolis Royal in 1755. One of them, granddaughter Marie-Josèphe, with her husband Jean-Baptiste Raymond, was deported to North Carolina aboard the Pembroke in December. Soon after the ship left Goat Island in the lower Annapolis River, a storm in the lower Bay of Fundy separated the Pembroke from the other transports filled with Annapolis valley Acadians. The exiles aboard the ship, led by Charles Belliveau, a pilot, and including Jean-Baptiste Raymond, saw their opportunity. They overwhelmed the officers and crew of the Pembroke, who numbered only eight, seized the vessel, sailed it to Baie Ste.-Marie on the western shore of Nova Scotia, hid there for nearly a month, and then sailed across the Bay of Fundy to the lower Rivière St.-Jean in January 1756. There, in early February, they were discovered by a boatload of British soldiers and sailors disguised as French troops. Raymond and the others managed to drive off the British force, burn the ship, and make their way with the ship's officers and crew to the upper Rivière St.-Jean settlement of Ste.-Anne-du-Pay-Bas, today's Fredericton, New Brunswick, where they spent the rest of the winter. When food ran short at Ste.-Anne-du-Pay-Bas in the summer of 1756, Jean-Baptiste took his family to the St. Lawrence valley. Marie-Josèphe died in a smallpox epidemic at Québec in December 1757, two weeks before her husband died.
Most of the Mius d'Azys at Annapolis Royal remained in British hands. Philippe Mius d'Azy's grandson Joseph and his wife Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Jean Préjean and Andrée Savoie, ended up at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in late 1755. Three of Joseph's younger brothers--Charles dit Charles-Amand and his wife Marie-Marthe, daughter of Antoine Hébert and Jeanne Corporon; François and his wife Jeanne, daughter of Jean-Baptiste Duon and Agnès Hébert; and Jean-Baptiste and his wife Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Pierre Surette and Jeanne Pellerin--along with their families, were deported to Massachusetts. In October 1761, Joseph remarried to widow Marie Vincent at Philadelphia. In 1763, after the war with Britain finally ended, Joseph took his family to Massachusetts, where his younger brothers and some of his Mius d'Entremont cousins were still living in exile.
Back in the spring of 1756, the British swooped down on Cap-Sable and Pobomcoup and sent two English sloops, the Mary and the Vulture, with approximately 170 Acadians from the Cap-Sable area to New York and Massachusetts. One of these Cap-Sable deportees was Jacques Mius d'Entremont, fils, his wife Marguerite, daughter of François Amireau and Marie Pitre, and some of their children. They sailed aboard the Vulture to Boston, Massachusetts. Jacques, fils died at Walpole, Massachusetts, in July 1759, age 80, and was buried at nearby Roxbury. Jacques, fils's daughter Anne married Abel, son of fellow Acadian Jean Duon, at Marblehead, Massachusetts, in 1756. Jacques, fils's son Joseph married Agnès, daughter of fellow Acadian Charles Belliveau, in Massachusetts in 1763.
The other Mius d'Entremonts of Pobomcoup, including children of the captured Jacques, fils, escaped the 1756 round up. They may have made their way to one of the Maritime islands north of peninsula Acadia, either to Île St.-Jean or to Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island, which in 1755 were areas still controlled by France, or, more likely, the family eluded the British attackers in the spring of 1756 and remained at Pobomcoup. No baptismal, marriage, or burial record places any of the Mius d'Entremonts of Cap-Sable on any of the Maritime islands. Their respite from British oppression was short-lived. After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, 400 British soldiers disembarked at Cap-Sable in late September to search for Acadians still in the area. Two sailboats manned by British troops sailed along the shore of the Cap-Sable area "to prevent the vermin from escaping in canoes," one British officer commented. This time luck ran out for the Mius d'Entremonts of Pobomcoup. The British burned all of the houses and other buildings in the area to deny the Acadians shelter and sustenance. In late October, the British embarked 68 Acadians they had captured at Cap-Sable, plus their priest, on the transport Alexander II. This probably included Mius d'Entremonts. Several Acadian families escaped the ruthless Rangers sent out to catch them but surrendered to British authorities the following summer and were held as prisoners at Georges Island, Halifax. Meanwhile, the Alexander II sailed from Cap-Sable to Halifax, which it reached the first week of November. From Halifax, in December 1758, the British sent the Cap-Sable Acadians to France with other Acadians from the Maritime islands. The Mius d'Entremonts went to Cherbourg.
Among the family members sent to France in late 1758 were three daughters and a son of Joseph Mius d'Azy and Marie Amireau dit Tourangeau of Pobomcoup who had resettled on Île St.-Jean and chose to remain there. Living in territory controlled by France, the Mius d'Azys of Île St.-Jean escaped the British roundup in Nova Scotia during the fall of 1755. Like their kinsmen at Cap-Sable, their respite from British oppression was short-lived. After the fall of the French stronghold at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British rounded up most of the Acadian habitants on the island and deported them to France. Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Joseph Mius d'Azy, and her husband Jean-Baptiste Henry; sister Geneviève and her husband François Guérin; sister Rosalie and her husband Éloi Lejeune; and brother Charles-Benjamin and his wife Marie-Josèphe Guédry were deported aboard a British transport named the Duke William. Sadly, all of them, along with their children, perished at sea. Their cousin Marie-Madeleine Mius d'Entremont, widow of Jean Lafitte of Île Royale, also was deported to France, aboard another vessel, in 1758. She ended up at Rochefort, near La Rochelle, where she died in August 1760, age 70.
That the Cap-Sable Mius d'Entremonts were at Cherbourg by late January 1759 is attested to by the baptism of Abraham, younger son of Jacques Mius d'Entremont III and Marguerite Landry of Pobomcoup, at Tres-St.-Trinité, Cherbourg, on 22 January 1759; Abraham's baptismal record states that he was born "aux quatre Sables," that is, at Cap-Sable, on 8 December 1758, so this gives an idea of when the family was transported from Acadia to France. The following year, 1760, was especially tragic for the Cap-Sable Mius d'Entremonts at Cherbourg: Marie-Jeanne-Charlotte, age 3 weeks, daughter of Simon Mius d'Entremont and his first wife Marie Amireau, and Simon, age 5, perhaps another child of Simon and Marie, died in February. Claire Mius d'Entremont, wife of Charles-Paul Hébert, age 50; and Joseph, age 72, son of Jacques Muis d'Entremont, père, died in March. Charles, age 33, a bachelor, son of Joseph Mius d'Entremont; Anne Muis d'Entremont, age 30; and Marguerite, age 45, daughter of Charles Mius d'Entremont, died in May. Two more bachelor sons of Joseph--Jean, age 27, and Abraham, age 38--died in June. Jacques Mius d'Entremont III also died at Cherbourg in 1760. The rigors of deportation probably contributed to so many deaths in the family that year; also, French ports were hotbeds of ship-borne epidemics such as smallpox and plague. Nevertheless, there were also moments for the family to celebrate, such as the baptism of young Abraham Muis d'Entremont in January 1759. But tragedy always lurked in the dark corners of their lives. Cécile, daughter of Joseph Mius d'Entremont, died at Cherbourg in c1762, in her late 30s. Still, there were marriages to celebrate. Simon, son of Joseph Mius d'Entremont and Cécile Boudrot, and widower of Marie Amireau, married Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Gabriel Molaison and Marie Aubois of Pobomcoup, and widow of François Viger, in September 1763. Joseph le jeune, son of Charles Mius d'Entremont and Marguerite Landry, married cousin Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians François Landry and Marie Belliveau, in February 1764, soon after Joseph le jeune's parents died at Cherbourg. His son Joseph-David was born that December, and Pierre-Marin was born posthumously in August 1766; Joseph le jeune had died at Cherbourg in March. Madeleine, daughter of Joseph Mius d'Entremont and Marie-Josèphe Moulaison, married Jean, fils, son of fellow Acadians Jean Granger and Madeleine Melanson of Port-Royal, in May 1764. That same month, Madeleine, daughter of Charles and Joseph le jeune's sister, married Basile, son of fellow Acadians Pierre Boudrot and another Madeleine Melanson of Port-Royal, but Madeleine, the bride, died in December 1770, age 40. Pierre, brother of Joseph le jeune and Madeleine, joined his siblings in death at Cherbourg in July 1778; he was 47 years old and never married.
Not all of the Muis d'Entremonts remained at Cherbourg. By the early 1780s, Jacques IV, now in his 20s, had moved down the coast to St.-Malo in northern Brittany, where he married Frenchwoman Marie Herve of St.-Brieu, near St.-Malo, widow of Louis Landromon dit Langlinais of that city. Jacques IV signed as a witness to a marriage at St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, in February 1784, about the time that the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana. Jacques IV, wife Marie, and his widowed mother, Marguerite Landry, were the only members of the Mius d'Entremont family who agreed to take it, but Jacques IV, ever the aristocrat, put a price on his emigration to the Spanish colony. Before he and his family set sail for Louisiana in August 1785, the Spanish made him a captain in recognition of the noble status of his family in old Acadia.
Meanwhile, the Mius d'Entremonts and Mius d'Azys who had been exiled to Massachusetts and Pennsylvania waited patiently for the war with Britain to end. When it did, in early 1763, they were able to leave the British colonies, where they had never felt welcome. Most of the Acadians in the New England colonies, New York, and Pennsylvania repatriated to Canada. Jacques Muis d'Entremont, fils's children and grandchildren returned to their home at Pobomcoup. They no longer held the seigneurie there--that ended with their exile--but at least they were home again. One of Jacques, fils's younger sons, Bénoni, died at Pobomcoup, now Pubnico, Nova Scotia, in February 1841, in his late 90s.
Joseph Mius d'Azy and his family left Philadelphia for Massachusetts in 1763 to join his younger brothers and his cousins there. One of Joseph's daughters, Marie-Cécile, married Frenchman Pierre Rinard of Granville, Normandy, in Massachusetts in c1765. By 1767, the Mius d'Azys also had returned to their home at Cap-Sable--to Ste.-Anne-du-Ruisseau-de-l'Anguille, Pointe-à-Rocco, Pointe-des-Ben, and Bas-de-Tousket, now Tusket, near Pobomcoup. In the 1780s, one of Charles Mius d'Azy's sons, Barthélemy, and his wife Madeleine Doiron moved to Arichat on Île Madame, off the southern coast of Cape Breton Island, formerly Île Royale, and then to Prince Edward Island, formerly Île St.-Jean, in the 1790s. But most of the Mius D'Entremonts and Mius d'Azys remained in the Cap-Sable area.
LOUISIANA: LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS
Only one descendant of Philippe Mius d'Entremont, baron de Pobomcoup, found refuge in Louisiana. Philippe's great-grandson, Jacques IV, son of Jacques Mius d'Entremont III and Marguerite Landry, came to Louisiana aboard La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships from France, that reached New Orleans in early December 1785. The recently appointed captain was only 29 years old when he made the crossing. With him was his widowed mother, age unrecorded; wife Marie Herve, age 30; son Jacques-Ferdinand, age 1; newborn daughter Marie, or Martine, born probably aboard ship; and three Langlinais stepchildren, ages 11, 9, and 7. Infant Martine was baptized at New Orleans soon after the family reached the city.
Jacques IV took his family to upper Bayou Lafourche, where his wife soon died. He does not seem to have remarried. Despite the captaincy given to him by the Spanish, censuses taken on upper Bayou Lafourche in the late 1780s and early 1790s reveal a man who was not much more affluent than fellow Acadians from humbler families. In 1788, Jacques IV, now a widow, was living on the upper bayou with daughter Martine and two Langlinais stepchildren; son Jacques-Ferdinand had died by then. Jacques IV's spread along the bayou was 8 arpents wide (the typical Acadian land grand was 6 arpents wide), he owned a single slave, one horned cow, and one pig. Three years later, still living with his daughter and two Langlinais stepchildren, he could boast 10 arpents of frontage on the river, but he still owned only a single slave and only one cow. His swine herd, however, had increased to 10--still a much more humble "seigneurie" than that of his distinguished ancestor.
LOUISIANA: WESTERN SETTLEMENTS
Jacques Mius d'Entremont IV's daughter Martine survived childhood at Lafourche, but she did not remain there. After she came of age, she crossed the Atchafalaya Basin and married Jean-Baptiste, son of fellow Acadians Jean-Athanase Trahan, and Marguerite Thibodeau, at Attakapas in July 1802. They settled at La Grosse Île du Vermilion. Perhaps a victim of the rigors of childbirth, Martine died in St. Martin Parish in October 1807; she was only 23 years old.
Jacques Mius d'Entremont IV, the captain, and his wife Marie Herve, came to Louisiana in 1785 but had no more children there. Son Jacques-Ferdinand probably died in childhood. Daughter Martine survived childhood and married but died in her early 20s. This proud, old Acadian family, then, except through a line of the Trahan family, did not survive in the Bayou State.
The family's name also is given as d'Entremont de Pobomcoup, Meuse, Miousse, Mius d'Azit, Mius de Pobomcoup, and also is spelled as Dantremon, Dendremont.
Sources: Arsenault, Généalogie, 502, 1593-1605, 2471, source of quotes; Bunnell, French & Native North American Marriages, 83-84, 157; Clément Cormier, "Mius (Muis) D'Entremont, Philippe," DCB, 1:510, source of quote; Paul Delaney's chronology of Le Grand Dérangement in <acadian-home.org>; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 41, 106-07, 162, 271, 329, 334; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vol. 1-B; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; NOAR, vol. 4; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 43, 175; White, DGFA-1, 1201-11; White, DGFA-1 English, 190 (source of quote), 256-57.
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):
Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)
|SB||San Bernardo (St. Bernard)|
Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)
San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)
St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)
Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)
New Orleans (Orleans)
St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)
Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)
Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)
For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.
The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community.
|Jacques Mius D'ENTREMONT IV 01||Dec 1785||Asp||born c1756, probably Pobomcoup; son of Jacques Mius D'ENTREMONT III & Marguerite LANDRY; deported Louisbourg to Cherbourg, France, 1758-59, age 2; at Cherbourg, France, 1767, age 11; married Marie HERVE of St.-Brieuc, St.-Malo, France, widow of Louis LONDROMON dit LANGLINAIS of St.-Malo, early 1780s, probably St.-Malo; a wedding witness (he signed) Feb 1784, St.-Servan, France; granted a captaincy by the Spanish authorities because of the nobility of his family & their service as "governors" in Acadia, Oct 1784; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 29, head of family, no occupation listed; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Jacques Mius DENTREMONT, age 30, with no wife so probably a widower, daughter Martines age 2, stepson Jean[-Louis] LANGLINAY age 14, stepdaughter Angélique LANGLINAY age 10, 1 slave, 8 arpents, 15 qts. corn, 1 horned cattle, 1 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Jacques Minus DENDREMONT, age 34, with no wife listed, stepdaughter Marie LANGLIER age 16, Angélique [LANGLIER] age 14, daughter Martine age 5, 1 slave, 10 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 60 qts. corn, 1 horned cattle, 0 horses, 10 swine|
|Jacques-Ferdinand Mius D'ENTREMONT 02||Dec 1785||Asp?||born c1784, France; son of Jacques Mius D'ENTREMONT IV & Marie HERVE; brother of Marie/Martine; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 1; not in Valenzuéla census of 1788 with the rest of his family, so he probably died young|
|*Marie-Martine Mius D'ENTREMONT 03||Dec 1785||Asp, Atk||sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel; born probably aboard ship; called Martine, daughter of Jacques Mius D'ENTREMONT IV & Marie HERVE; sister of Jacques-Ferdinand; baptized c25 Oct[probably Dec] 1785, New Orleans, soon after the family reached LA; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Martines, age 2, with widowed father & half-siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Martine, age 5, with widowed father & 2 half-siblings; moved to Attakapas District; married, age 17, Jean-Baptiste, son of Athanase TRAHAN & Madeleine THIBODEAUX, 27 Jul 1802, Attakapas, now St. Martinville; settled at La Grosse Île du Vermilion; died St. Martin Parish, 5:00 p.m., 28 Oct 1807, age 23, buried next day|
01. Wall of Names, 46, calls him Jacques Mieus D'ENTREMONT; Winzerling, Acadian Odyssey, 108, 185, note 86, calls him D'ANTREMONT, & says in note 86 that the Spanish granted him the rank of "captain general 'de referida Provincia'." See also Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 1099; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 43, 175.
The D'ENTREMONTs were never governors of Acadia but were indeed of a noble family & held the seigneury of Pobomcoup, now Pubnico, near Cap-Sable. D'ENTREMONT's ancestor also served as the King's attorney in Port-Royal.
For the likely scenario of his deportation to France, see the footnote for his mother's profile.
Judging from the ages of his stepchildren & from the ages of his own children by Marie HERVE, Jacques & Marie were married sometime in the early 1780s, when he was in his late 20s. Jacques's wife's first husband's name is from the May 1796 marriage record of stepdaughter Marie-Jeanne LANGLINAIS in BRDR, 2:451 (SJA-2, 34), which calls her Maria LANGLINETTE; also in stepson Jean-Louis's daughter Marie-Perronille's 1797 baptismal record in Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:482 (SM Ch.: v.5, #2), which calls him Louis LANGLINAIS of St.-Malo & his father also Louis LANGLINAIS of St.-Malo.
Evidently Jean-Louis, called Louis, stepson of Jacques Mius D'ENTREMONT, was the progenitor of the French Creole LANGLINAIS family in South LA; he married an Acadian girl, Céleste, daughter of René LEBLANC, at Attakapas, now St. Martinville, in Sep 1794, 9 years after he reached LA. See Hébert, D., 1-A:482(SM Ch.: v.4, #102). I call the LANGLINAISs French Creoles because they came to LA before 1803, &, despite the LANGLINAIS association with the Acadian D'ENTREMONTs, the LANGLINAISs never lived in Acadia but were from St.-Malo, specifically St.-Servan, a suburb of St.-Malo. (Sorry, Pauline, but I tried.) LANGLINAIS in fact may have been a dit name. The burial record of one of Jean-Louis's daughters who died at age 7 days in Dec 1799, & the baptismal record of another daughter born in Jan 1801, called him Jean LANDROMON dit LANGLINAIS. See Hébert, D., 1-A:482 (SM Ch.: v.4, #197), 1-B:437. The family's name also is spelled LANGLINE, LANGLAIS, LANGLINOIS, & is not to be confused with the more numerous French Creole LANGLOIS family who also lived in the Attakapas region.
02. Wall of Names, 46, calls him Jacques-Ferdinand Mieus D'ENTREMONT.
Did he survive the crossing from France?
03. Not in Wall of Names because of the circumstance of her birth. NOAR, 4:74 (SLC, B9, 390), her birth/baptismal record, calls her Maria DE ANTREMUT, gives her parents' names, says she was baptized "[* - cir. Oct.] 25, 1785," does not give her birth date, & says her godparents were Gilverto LEONARD & Luisa BROMI[CI?]; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2471, calls her Martine D'ENTREMONT; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-B:204-05, 711 (SM Ch.: v.4, #256), her marriage record, calls her Martine D'ENTREMONT of New Orleans, gives her & her husband's parents' names, spells her father's surname DANTREMON, gives her mother's hometown in France, says his parents' were "of Acadia," & that the witnesses to her marriage were Carlos FAGOT, Jean LANGLINAIS [her stepbrother], Joseph TRAHAN, & Pierre TRAHAN; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-B:204-05 (SM Ch.: v.4, #482), her death/burial record, calls her Martine D'ENTREMONT, "m. to Jean-Baptiste TRAHAN of La Grosse Ile du Vermillion, a native of New Orleans," gives the exact time of her death, says she died "at age 23 yrs.," but does not give her parents' names.
She was one of the newborn infants named after Martin NAVARRO, the Spanish intendant of LA, who stood as honorary godfather to their newborns, hence her name Martine. See notation in appendix. She could not have been baptized at New Orleans in late Oct since her ship did not reach New Orleans until early Dec. Perhaps the recording priest meant to say that she was born in late Oct. La Ville d'Archangel left St.-Malo on 12 Aug 1785 and was at sea for 113 days, until 3 Dec.
Considering her age at the time of her death, she probably died from childbirth. She and her husband had at least 2 children--Adélaïde, born in Jun 1804, and Eusèbe in Aug 1806--before she died. Eusèbe married distant cousin Marie Emilite, called Melite, daughter of Olivier TRAHAN, in Lafayette Parish in Jan 1829, so the D'ENTREMONT blood lived on in LA. See Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-B:706, 709, 2-C:752.
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