Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s




According to the Acadian Memorial in St. Martinville, Louisiana, Joseph Marant, born in c1729, was Acadian.  He married Angélique Dugas in c1755 probably at Chignecto.  Soon after their marriage, the British deported them to South Carolina, where they were counted by colonial authorities at Charleston in August 1763 (for some reason the British called him Joseph Moreau).  Joseph and Angélique probably went to French St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, with other Acadians from South Carolina soon after the census.  They may have been among the few Acadians on the sugar island who hooked up with refugees from Halifax heading to New Orleans who stopped to change ships at Cap-Français in early 1765.  [See also Book Six]


Joseph Marant, age 36, and his wife Angélique Dugas, age 31, reached New Orleans in 1765 probably from St.-Domingue with several orphans in tow, including Angélique's nephew and niece, Joseph Orillion dit Champagne, fils, age 17, and his sister Marguerite, age 15, whose mother was a Dugas.  They followed other Acadians to Cabanocé/St.-Jacques on the river above New Orleans where 20 Acadians from Georgia had settled the year before.  By the 1770s, they had moved to Ascension, farther upriver, where Joseph served as a "publican," so he must have been an educated man.  


Joseph Marant and his wife Angélique Dugas had no children, at least none who survived Le Grand Dérangement, so the Acadian branch of the family did not survive in the Bayou State.

The family's name also is spelled Marrant.  [See also Book Ten]

Sources:  Bourgeois, Cabanocey, 165, 175; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 233; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 2, 10.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):




Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)


Pointe Coupée




Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)


Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)


San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)


St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)


Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)


New Orleans (Orleans)


St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)


Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)


Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Joseph MARANT 01 1765 StJ, Asc born c1729; married Angélique DUGAS; in report on Acadians in SC, Aug 1763, called Joseph MOREAU[?], with wife Angélique, no children, orphans Amand DEVEAU, [nephew] Joseph OVILION [ORILLION] age 13, & [niece] Margte. OVILION age 11; arrived LA 1765 probably from St.-Domingue, age 36; in Cabanocé census, 1766, right [west] bank, JUDICE's Company, Cabanocé Militia, called Joseph MARANT & MARRANT, age 37, with wife Angélique DUGAS age 30, no children, nephew Joseph AURION age 18, niece Marguerite AURION age 17, 0 slaves, 6 arpents, 0 cattle, 0 sheep, 0 hogs, 1 gun; in Cabanocé census, 1769, occupying lot number 49, right [west] bank, called Joseph MARANT, age 40, with wife Angélique HUGARD age 34, & no children; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, age 48[sic, probably 41], head of family number 17, called Joseph MARANT, with wife Angélique DUGAS age 30, no children, & 6 arpents; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called "publican" Joseph MARANS, age 50, with wife Angélique DUGAS age 46, no children, & family of nephew-in-law Paul FORREST, 0 arpents, 2 slaves, 2 cattle, 2 horses, 0 sheep, 4 hogs, 2 arms


01.  Wall of Names, 22, calls him Joseph MARANT.  See also Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 233; Bourgeois, Cabanocey, 165, 175; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 2, 10.  

I have not found a MARANT family in either Arsenault or White, only in Wall of Names.  I can only assume that the researchers at the Acadian Memorial have found an Acadian origin for him that has eluded me.  

Why was he called Joseph MOREAU in SC?  Was he kin to François MOREAU, the second husband of Marie-Josèphe BREAUX of Attakapas?

How did Joseph, his wife, & the ORILLION orphans get from SC to LA?  Many of the SC Acadians moved to St.-Domingue in 1763-64, & this family may have joined the Acadian exiles from Halifax who stopped at Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, to change ships on their way to LA in late 1764 & 1765.  See Brasseaux, Scattered to the Wind, 15.  That they came to LA in 1765 is attested to by their appearance in the Spanish census of Apr 1766.  See Bourgeois.  See Bourgeois. 

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Copyright (c) 2007-16  Steven A. Cormier