APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

MAZEROLLE

[MAZ-uh-roll]

ACADIA

Louis Mezerrolet or Mazerolle dit Saint-Louis, born in France in c1661, married Geneviève Forest, 29-year-old widow of François Savary, at Port-Royal in c1692.  In late August 1714, after the turmoil of Queen Anne's War had left peninsula Acadia in the hands of the British, Louis dit Saint-Louis and other peninsula Acadians traveled aboard the French vessel La Marie Joseph to Île Royale.  Louis and his family settled at Port-Toulouse on the island before moving on to Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island.  His daughter married into the Darembourg and Philippe families.  Louis died probably on one of the Maritime islands in late 1747 or early 1748, in his late 80s.  

Louis and Geneviève had four children, including a son, Joseph, born at Port-Royal in c1711.  Joseph married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Jean Doiron of Pigiguit, in c1735 and chose to return to peninsula Nova Scotia.  Their daughter Marie-Josèphe was born at Grand-Pré in November 1736 but died in January 1744, and son Simon was born at Grand-Pré in October 1743.  Joseph remarried to Anne, 20-year-old daughter of Joseph Daigre of Grand-Pré, at Grand-Pré in January 1748. 

Louis, père's daughter, Marie, settled with her family on Île St.-Jean.  In 1752, the census taker on the island counted her with her husband Étienne-Charles Philippe dit La Roche, a native of Paris, at Rivière-du-Nord-Est.  The French official noted that Étienne-Charles was age 37, but he did not give Marie's age.  Nor did he record how long Étienne-Charles had "been in the country."  With Étienne and Marie were six children, all boys, ages 15 to 3--the youngest four, identified as belonging to Étienne, bearing the surname Philippe.  The two older boys bore the surname Du Rambour, likely Marie's sons from her first marriage to Pierre Darembourg

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

Le Grand Dérangement of the 1750s scattered this family to the winds:  

When the British rounded up the Acadians at Minas in the autumn of 1755, they deported them to Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New England.  Joseph Mazerolle, wife Anne Daigre, and son Simon, now age 12, ended up on a ship to Virginia.  As a result, this family endured a fate worse than most of their fellow refugees from Minas.  The Virginia governor, Robert Dinwiddie, refused to allow the 1,500 Acadians sent to him to remain in the colony.  Hundreds of the exiles died on the filthy, crowded ships anchored in Hampton Roads while the Virginia authorities pondered their fate.  The Virginians allowed a few Acadians to come ashore at various James River settlements, but they were watched closely.  When some of the Acadians began to fraternize with African slaves, the Virginians returned them to the transports, where they languished with the others.  A hand full of sturdy young Acadians managed to slip off the vessels and trek overland through fields and forests and across the mountains, back to French Canada.  But most of them remained on the terrible ships, and more of them died.  Finally, in the spring of 1756, Governor Dinwiddie and Virginia's House of Burgesses made their decision ... the Acadians must go!  In May, the first shipment of Acadians left for England, and in two weeks all of them had gone--299 to Bristol, 250 to Falmouth, 340 to Portsmouth and Southampton, 336 to Liverpool--1,225 of the original 1,500.  Their ordeal only worsened in the English ports, where they were grossly neglected and treated like common criminals and where hundreds of them died of smallpox.  By 1763, more than half of them were dead.  In May of that year, after prolonged negotiations between the French and British governments, the Acadians in England were repatriated to France, including the remnants of Joseph Mazerolle's family.

Joseph and his second wife Anne had died by 1763.  Their son Simon, now in his late teens, sailed to St.-Malo, France, in May 1763 aboard La Dorothée with the family of Pierre Aucoin.  Simon followed the Aucoins to Plouër, near St.-Malo, and became a rope maker.  He married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Claude Trahan of Rivière-aux-Canards, at Plouër the following November; Simon was 20 years old at the time of the wedding.  Marguerite also had endured exile in Virginia and England and had come to France aboard La Dorothée, so they probably had known one another since childhood.  They lived at nearby Pleslin from 1764 to 1766 before moving to St.-Servan, another suburb of St.-Malo, in 1767.  Their son Simon-Pierre was born at Pleslin in June 1765 but died at St.-Servan 22 months later in April 1767.  Simon and Marguerite had at least four other children at St.-Servan:  Marie-Perpétué, born in April 1767, Élisabeth-Marie in August 1769, Anne-Françoise in July 1771, and Étienne in c1777.  They do not seem to have participated in any of the settlement schemes at Belle-Île-en-Mer or in the Poitou region.  They nevertheless had left St.-Malo and were living on the other side of Brittany at Nantes in September 1784. 

Despite the loss of only one child and long-time residence in the St.-Malo area, life in the mother country must have had its terrors for Simon and his family.  When the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana, Simon and wife Marguerite, like the majority of their fellow Acadians, agreed to take it.  

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

Simon Mazerolle, age 40, sailed to Louisiana aboard Le Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships from France, which reached New Orleans in mid-August 1785.  With him were wife Marguerite Trahan, age 38, and their four children--Marie-Perpétué, age 18, Élisabeth-Marie, age 16, Anne-Françoise, age 14, and Étienne, age 8.  They followed most of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Simon and Marguerite had no more children in Louisiana.  Their daughters married into the Barrilleaux, Daigle, and Hébert families and settled on the upper bayou.  Marguerite died at Louisiana in November 1786, only a year after they settled there.  Simon remarried to Luce, also called Laure, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Bourg and widow of Jean-Baptiste Hébert, at Lafourche in January 1788.  Luce also had come to Louisiana aboard La Bergère.  She gave Simon no more children.  Daughter Anne-Françoise, from Simon's first marriage, died in Assumption Parish in August 1826, in her mid-50s. 

Simon's only surviving son remained on upper Bayou Lafourche and created a center of family settlement there: 

Descendants of Étienne MAZEROLLE (c1777-1831; Louis, Joseph dit Louis)

Étienne, son of Simon Mazerolle and his first wife Marguerite Trahan, born probably at St.-Malo, France, in c1777, followed his family to Louisiana aboard La Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships, in 1785, and went with them to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Étienne married fellow Acadian Marguerite Landry at Lafourche in the late 1790s or early 1800s.  Their daughter married into the Friou family.  Étienne died at Brulé, Assumption Parish, in July 1831; he was 55 years old.  All of the Mazerolles of South Louisiana descend from Étienne and his three married sons, who married fellow Acadians and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.   One of Étienne's grandsons moved to the present-day Morgan City area during the late antebellum period, but his other grandson remained on the upper Lafourche. 

1

Oldest son Étienne, fils married Clarisse, daughter of fellow Acadian Julien Ozelet, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1828.  Their son Martin Sylvanie was born in Assumption Parish in March 1829.  Their daughter married into the Simoneaux family.  Étienne, fils remarried to Rosalie Aglae, called Aglae, daughter of fellow Acadian Rémi Hébert and widow of Jean Pierre Berthelot, at the Plattenville church in January 1834.  Their daughter married into the Sanchez family. 

Martin married Adeline, daughter of Georges Mars, at the Attakapas Canal church, Assumption Parish, in April 1860.  Their son Émile Anatole was born near Attakapas Canal, east of Lake Verret, in January 1861.  Soon after their marriage, they moved to the Brashear City area, now Morgan City, on the lower Atchafalaya River. 

2

Pierre married Élise, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Benoît Gautreaux, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in October 1830.  Their son Étienne Pierre was born in Assumption Parish in March 1831, and Valmond Valéry in March 1836.  Their daughters married into the Aucoin and Daigle families.  Pierre remarried to fellow Acadian Élisabeth Templet.  Their daughter married into the Trahan family. 

2a

Étienne Pierre, by his first wife, married cousin Laurenza Lesida or Oleside, called Lesida, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Emérant Crochet, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in August 1854.  Their son Joseph Ulgère was born near Paincourtville in June 1856.  During the War Between the States, E. P., as the military records call him, served in the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in South Lousiana, which fought in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Louisiana; he may have been a conscript.  He was captured at Labadieville, not far from his home, in October 1862 and was promptly paroled by the Federals.  His service record does not say if he returned to his unit. 

2b

Valmond, by his first wife, died near Paincourtville, Assumption Parish, in November 1859.  He was only 23 years old and did not marry. 

3

Youngest son Auguste married Adélaïde Roseline, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Joseph Boudreaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1849.  Their son Joseph Augustin was born in Assumption Parish in March 1850. 

CONCLUSION

Mazerolles settled early in Acadia, but they came "late" to Louisiana.  In fact, if the Spanish government had not coaxed over 1,500 Acadians in France to emigrate to the colony, there probably would be no Mazerolles in the Bayou State today.  One family, that of Simon Mazerolle of Grand-Pré, came to Louisiana in 1785 and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Most of his descendants remained in Assumption Parish, but one grandson moved to the Brashear, now Morgan, City area during the late antebellum period. 

Church records show no non-Acadian Mazerolles coming to Louisiana during either the colonial or the antebellum period.  All of the Mazerolles of South Louisiana, then, are descendants of Louis dit Saint-Louis of Port-Royal and the Maritimes. 

No Mazerolle appears on the federal slave schedules of 1850 and 1860.  This means that they either owned no slaves or managed to avoid having their slaves counted by federal census takers.  It also means that they participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy. 

According to Confederate service records, only one member of this family served Louisiana in uniform during the War Between the States.  Étienne P. Mazerolle of Assumption Parish was a married man with at least two children when he either enlisted in or was conscripted into the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry probably in 1862.  He was captured at Labadieville, not far from his home, in October of that year.  The Federals promptly paroled him, and he probably returned home to his family.  ...

The family's name also is spelled Macerole, Macerolle, Madeolle, Maderole, Madrol, Maierolle, Maserol, Maserole, Maserolle, Maserose, Masserelle, Masserole, Masserolle, Mazereur, Mazerol, Mazerole, Mazerolles, Mazeronne, Mazorolle, Mazrol, Mazrolle, Menserol, Menserolle, Mierolle.

Sources:  Arsenault, Généalogie, 686, 1261-62; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vol. 7; Robichaux, Acadian in St.-Malo, 612; White, DGFA-1, 1144-45; White, DGFA-1 English, 247.  

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day parishes that existed during the War Between the States in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Anne-Françoise MAZEROLLE 01 Aug 1785 Asp born 26 Jul 1771, baptized next day, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Simon MAZEROLLE & his first wife Marguerite TRAHAN; sister of Élisabeth-Marie, Étienne, & Marie-Perpétué; at St.-Servan 1771-72; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & siblings; sailed to LA on La Bergere, age 14; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Anne, age 15, with widowed father & siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Anne, age 20, with father, stepmother, & siblings; married, age 22, Jean-Joseph, son of Eustace DAIGLE & Madeleine DUPUIS, 30 Apr 1792, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Ana MACEROLE, age 24, with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Anne MENSEROL, age 25, with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Francoise, no surname given, age 24[sic], with husband & no children; died [buried] Assumption Parish 23 Aug 1826, age 54[sic]
Élisabeth/Isabelle-Marie MAZEROLLE 02 Aug 1785 Asp born & baptized 24 Aug 1769, St.-Serven, France; daughter of Simon MAZEROLLE & his first wife Marguerite TRAHAN; sister of Anne-Françoise, Étienne, & Marie-Perpétué; at St.-Servan 1769-72; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & siblings; sailed to LA on La Bergère, age 16; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Élisabeth, age 17, with widowed father & siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Isabelle MAZEROL, age 21, "engagé[e]" with family of Isaac HÉBERT, also age 22, with father, stepmother, & siblings; married, age 21, Pierre-Michel, son of Jean-Baptiste HÉBERT & Marie-Madeleine DUGAS, 19 Sep 1791, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Isabel MAZEROLE, age 26, with husband, 1 son, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Isabelle MENSEROL, age 27, with husband, 1 son, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Elisabeth, no surname given, age 27[sic], with husband, 1 son, 2 daughters, & brother-in-law François [HÉBERT]
Étienne MAZEROLLE 03 Aug 1785 Asp born c1777, probably St.-Malo, France; son of Simon MAZEROLLE & his first wife Marguerite TRAHAN; brother of Anne-Françoise, Élisabeth-Marie, & Marie-Perpétué; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & sisters; sailed to LA on La Bergère, age 8; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, age 10, with widowed father & sisters; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, age 15, with father, stepmother, & sisters; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Estevan, age 19, with father, stepmother, & stepsister; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, age 20, with father, stepmother, & stepsister; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, age 21, with father & stepmother; married Marguerite LANDRY, 1800s, Ascension or Assumption; settled at Brulé, Assumption Parish; died Assumption Parish 3 AM, 10 Jul 1831, buried same day, age 55
Marie-Perpétué MAZEROLLE 04 Aug 1785 Asp born & baptized 14 Apr 1767, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Simon MAZEROLLE & his first wife Marguerite TRAHAN; sister of Anne-Françoise, Élisabeth-Marie, & Étienne; at St.-Servan 1767-72; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & siblings; sailed to LA on La Bergère, age 18; married Jacques-Alain, son of Jean-Baptiste BARRILLEAUX & Marie DAIGLE, late 1780s, probably Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Marie MENSEROLLE, age 20, with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Marie MAZOROLLE, age 22, with husband & 2 sons; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria MACEROLE, age 28, with husband & 4 sons; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie MENSEROLLE, age 29, with husband & 4 sons; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, age 31, with husband & 5 sons
Simon MAZEROLLE 05 Aug 1785 Asp born & baptized 20 Oct 1743, Grand-Pré; son of Joseph MAZEROLLE dit St.-Louis & his first wife Marie-Josèphe DOIRON; exiled to VA 1755, age 12; deported to England 1756, age 13; repatriated to France aboard La Dorothée, arrived St.-Malo 23 May 1763, age 19; rope maker; at Plouër, France, 1763-64;  married, age 20, (1)Marguerite, daughter of Claude TRAHAN & Hélène AUCOIN of Rivière-aux-Canards, 14 Nov 1763, Plouër; at Pleslin, France, 1764-66; at St.-Servan, France, 1767-72; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, called Simon MAZEROLLE, with wife Marguerite, 1 son, & 3 daughters; sailed to LA on La Bergère, age 40, head of family; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, shovel, & meat cleaver, 2 hatchets, & 3 hoes; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Simon MENSEROLLE, age 43, with no wife so a widower, son Étienne age 10, daughters Élisabeth age 17, Anne age 15, 6 arpents, 30 qts. corn, 1 horned cattle, 1 horse, 4 swine; married, age 43, (2)Luce-Pérpetué, also called Laure, daughter of Jean BOURG & Françoise BENOIT, & widow of Jean-Baptiste HÉBERT, 28 Jan 1788, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Simon MAZEROLLE, age 48[sic], with wife Luce age 48, son Étienne age 15, daughters Isabelle age 22, Anne age 20, stepdaughters Félicité HÉBERT age 20, Françoise [HÉBERT] age 16, 0 slaves, 6 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 150 qts. corn, 4 horned cattle, 0 horses, 15 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Simon MACEROLE, age 52[sic], with wife Lucas[sic] age 52, son Estevan age 19, & stepdaughter Francisca [HÉBERT] age 13[sic]; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Simon MENSEROLLE, age 53, with wife Luce age 53, son Étienne age 20, & stepdaughter Françoise [HÉBERT] age 24, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Simon MENSEROLLE, age 55[sic], with wife Luce age 55, & son Étienne age 21, 6/50 arpents, 0 slaves

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls her Anne [MIEROLLE], & lists her with her parents & 3 siblings; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 612, Family No. 706; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 12-13, calls her Anne, sa [Simon MIEROLLE's] fille, age 14, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Anne MAZEROLLE, his [Simon MAZEROLLE's] daughter, age 14, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 6th Family aboard La Bergère with her parents & 3 siblings; BRDR, 2:215, 528 (ASC-2, 46), her marriage record, calls her Anna Francisca MASSERELLE, gives her & her husband's parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Joseph DAIGLE & Simon MAZROLLE [her father]; BRDR, 4:399 (ASM-3, 195), her death/burial record, calls her Anne Francoise MAZEROLE, age 54 yrs., wife of Jean D'AIGLE & gives her parents' names.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 56.

Why wasn't she with her husband at Assumption in 1795? 

02.  Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls her Isabelle [MIEROLLE], & lists her with her parents & 3 siblings; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 612, Family No. 706; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 12-13, calls her Isabelle, sa [Simon MIEROLLE's] fille, age 16, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Isabelle MAZEROLLE, his [Simon MAZEROLLE's] daughter, age 16, on the complete listing, says she was in the 6th Family aboard La Bergère with her parents & 3 siblings, &, calling her Élizabeth-Marie, says she was born in 1769 but gives no birthplace; BRDR, 2:372, 528 (ASC-2, 41), her marriage record, calls her Isabel MASSEROLE, gives her & her husband's parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Simon MAZEROLLE [her father] & Joseph HÉBERT. 

03.  Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls him Étienne [MIEROLLE], & lists him with his parents & 3 sisters; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 12-13, calls him Étienne, son [Simon MIEROLLE's] fils, age 8, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Étienne MAZEROLLE, his [Simon MAZEROLLE's] son, age 8, on the complete listing, & says he was in the 6th Family aboard La Bergère with his parents & 3 sisters.

Where is his marriage record?  The earliest evidence of his marriage is the baptismal record of daughter Marie Adèle, dated 24 Jun 1807, in BRDR, 3:610 (ASC-5, 293). 

All of the MAZEROLLEs of LA descend from him and his wife Marguerite. 

04.   Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls her Marie [MIEROLLE], & lists her with her parents & 3 siblings; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 612, Family No. 706; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 12-13, calls her Marie, sa [Simon MIEROLLE's] fille, age 18, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie MAZEROLLE, his [Simon MAZEROLLE's] daughter, age 18, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 6th Family aboard La Bergère with her parents & 3 siblings.

05.  Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls him Simon MIEROLLE, & lists him with his first wife & 4 children; BRDR, 1a(rev.): 156 (SGA-3, 23b), his birth/baptismal record, calls him Simon MAZEROL, gives his parents'  names, & says his godparents were Joseph LEBLANC, who signed the baptismal document, & Marguerite LEBLANC; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 612, Family No. 706; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 12-13, calls him Simon MIEROLLE, cordier, age 40, on the embarkation list, Simon MASEROLE, on the debarkation list, & Simon MAZEROLLE, ropemaker, age 40, on the complete listing, says he was in the 6th Family aboard La Bergère with his first wife & 4 children, details his first marriage, including the names of his & his wife's parents, says daughter Élizabeth-Marie was born in 1769, & lists the implements the Spanish gave to him & his family after they reached LA; BRDR, 2:124, 528 (ASC-2, 12), the record of his second marriage, calls him Simon MASEROL, calls his wife La Luze BOURG, does not give his & her parents' names or the name of her first husband, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Félicité AUCOIN & Pierre AUCOIN. 

[top of page MAZEROLLE]

Copyright (c) 2007-13  Steven A. Cormier