APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

DELAUNE

[de-lawn]

ACADIA

Jean, son of Eustache Delaunay, also Delaunois, born at St.-Ca or La Casse, St.-Brieuc, Brittany, France, in c1702, married Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Pierre Arseneau, at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, in May 1735.  Marie-Madeleine's family was from Malpèque, also on Île St.-Jean.  Jean and Marie-Madeleine had 10 children, four sons and six daughters, all born on the island.  They included:  Marie-Josèphe, baptized in October 1742, Eustache, born in February 1738, Susanne-Marie in November 1739, Jean-Jacques in August 1741, Marie-Élisabeth in November 1744, Polycarpe in September 1746, and Jean, fils in November 1749.  The family lived at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, where Jean died in November 1752, age 50. 

~

Christophe Delaune, born at Periers, Avranches, Normandy, France, in c1705, probably no kin to Jean of Brittany, came to Acadia in c1729.  He settled at Havre-la-Fortune on Île St.-Jean, where he married Marguerite Caissie of Chignecto in c1738.  They had seven sons and three daughters, all born on the island:  Pierre in December1740, Marie-Henriette, baptized in October 1742, Jean, born in November 1743, Jacques in c1746, Jean-Baptiste in c1749, Christophe, fils in June 1750, Joseph in February 1753, Marie-Marguerite in May 1755, and Michel in February 1757.  Christophe, père died in c1758 probably at St.-Pierre-du-Nord; he was 53 year old.  

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

Living on an island controlled by France, the Delaunays and Delaunes of Île St.-Jean escaped the British roundup in Nova Scotia during the autumn of 1755.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British rounded up most of the Acadians on Île St.-Jean and deported them to France: 

Jean Delaunay's widow, Marie-Madeleine Arseneau, ended up at Cherbourg.  In August 1759, she took a ship from Cherbourg to St.-Malo and lived in the St.-Malo suburbs of St.-Cast and Corseul from 1759 to 1763.  She died at St.-Cast in October 1763, age 43.

Christophe Delaune's widow, Marguerite Caissie, along with their children, were also among the Acadians who made the terrible crossing.  They also ended up at Cherbourg, where Marguerite remarried to Joseph Prieur dit Dubois of Port-Royal in c1759.  Son Jean married Marie-Anne, daughter of fellow Acadian Eustache Part, at Cherbourg in February 1773 and became a sailor and a carpenter.  Christophe, fils became a navigator and a ship's carpenter.  

In 1773, the year of his marriage, Jean Delaune and his younger brother Christophe, fils became part of a failed Acadian settlement scheme in Poitou.  French authorities were tired of providing for the Acadians languishing in the port cities.  A French nobleman offered to settle them on marginal land he owned near the city of Châtellerault.  The Acadians tried mightily to bring life to the rocky soil in this corner of Poitou.  Christophe, fils, married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Boudrot, at Archigny, near Châtellerault, in June 1774.  Jean's son Jean-Baptiste was baptized at nearby La Chapelle-Roux that same month.  Christophe's son Jean-Baptiste was baptized at the same place the following month.  

In October 1775, after two years of fruitless effort, Jean, Christophe, fils, and their families retreated from Châtellerault to the port city of Nantes with other Acadians who had endured the Poitou midadventure.  They lived at Nantes as best they could on government hand outs and what work they could find, enduring life in a mother country that paid little attention to its neglected Acadian children. 

Both families expanded dramatically in the suburb of Chantenay, now a part of the city of Nantes.  Four more children were born to Jean and Marie-Anne there, and four more to Christophe, fils and Marie, all baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, but most of the Delaune children died young.  Jean's children were:  Christophe le jeune, baptized in September 1776, Pierre-Basile in December 1779 but died at age 2 in February 1782, Louis-Auguste, baptized in October 1782 but died in August 1783, and Marie-Céleste, baptized in February 1785.  Christophe, fils's children were:  Michel, baptized in January 1777 but died the following December, Marie-Céleste, baptized in September 1779 but died at age 2 in February 1782, Christophe III, baptized in October 1782, and Louis-Augustin, baptized in June 1784.  Jean's sons Jean-Baptiste and Christophe le jeune died at Chantenay.  Christophe, fils's son Christophe III also died there.  

In the early 1780s, the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana.  The Delaune brothers, Jean and Christophe, fils, dissatisfied with life in the mother country, were among the hundreds of Acadians who agreed to take up the Spanish offer.  

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Nicolas-Pierre, a tailleur d'habits, son of merchant Nicolas Delaunay of Cholet, France, married Marguerite, daughter of Acadian Pierre Granger, at Mirebalias, St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, in June June 1765.  Nicolas-Pierre must have died soon after the marriage.  Marguerite, called his widow, died at Mirebalais the following December, age 35.  

LOUISIANA:  RIVER SETTLEMENTS

Evidently Jean and Christophe Delaune and their families booked passage aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, but for some reason, probably the illness of a loved one, they missed the ship's departure in late August.  They sailed, instead, on La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships, which departed Nantes during the third week of October 1785.  Jean was age 42, his wife Marie-Anne age 34, son Pierre, age 1, and daughter Marie-Céleste, age 1.  Christophe, fils was age 35, his wife Marie age 30, son Jean-Baptiste, age 10, and Louis-Augustin, age 1.  

They reached New Orleans two months after their ship left Nantes and settled at nearby St.-Jacques.  Jean's son Pierre, if he survived the crossing, died at St.-Jacques.  Jean and Marie-Anne had more children in Louisiana, including another son, but they did not remain on the river.  Christophe, fils and Marie also had more children in Louisiana but no more sons, and they remained at St.-Jacques. 

Descendants of Christophe DELAUNE, fils (1750-1780s or 1790s)

Christophe, fils, younger son of Acadian family progenitor Christophe Delaune of Normandy, France, and Marguerite Caissie of Chignecto, was born at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean, in June 1750.  He followed his widowed mother and siblings to Cherbourg, France, in 1758-59.  He became a navigator and ship's carpenter in France and married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Boudrot, at Archigny, Poitou, France, in June 1774.  He and his wife and their three surviving children sailed to Louisiana aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785.  They settled at St.-Jacques on the river, where they had another daughter but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Aucoin family and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Christophe, fils died probably at St.-Jacques by June 1794, when he was listed as deceased in a son's marriage record.  His oldest son settled on upper Bayou Lafourche, but his youngest son remained on the river, where his line died out.  All of the Acadian Delaunes of Louisiana are descended from Christophe, fils's oldest son.  

1

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste, baptized at La Chapelle-Roux, Poitou, France, in June 1775, married Marie-Hyacinthe, called Hyacinthe, daughter of French Creole Joseph Michel of St.-Jean-Baptiste des Allemands, at St.-Jacques in June 1794.  They settled on upper Bayou Lafourche by the early 1810s.  

2

Michel, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France, in January 1777, died at Chantenay the following December.  

3

Christophe III, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France, in October 1782, died young.  

4

Youngest son Louis-Auguste or Augustin, called Auguste, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France, in June 1784, married Geneviève, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Simon Dupuis, at St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in October 1809.  Their son Auguste, fils was born near St. Gabriel in August 1815, and Jean Théodule in June 1821.  Their daughter married into the Viel family.  Auguste, père remarried to Clotilde, also called Eliza, daughter of fellow Acadian Isaac LeBlanc and widow of Alexis LeBlanc, at the St. Gabriel church in April 1827.  Their son Louis Alexandre was baptized at the St. Gabriel church, age unrecorded, in April 1829.  Auguste, père died near St. Gabriel in March 1851; he was 68 years old.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Iberville Parish counted 7 slaves--4 males and 3 females, all black, ranging in age from 90 to 5, living in 1 house--on Widow Au. Delaune's farm; this was Auguste, père's second wife, Clotilde LeBlanc.  

4a

Auguste, fils, by his first wife, died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in November 1839.  He was only 24 years old and did not marry.  

4b

Jean Théodule, by his first wife, married Armelise Rose, daughter of fellow Acadian Sylvain Landry of Ascension Parish, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in February 1844.  Jean Théodule died near St. Gabriel in April 1858; he was 36 years old.  His line of the family, except for its blood, may have died with him.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Iberville Parish counted 8 slaves--2 males and 6 females, all black, ranging in age from 21 years to 3 months, living in 1 house--on Widow T. Delaune's farm; this was Armelise Rose Landry.  

4c

Louis Alexandre, by his second wife, married Malvina, daughter of fellow Acadian Narcisse Bujole, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in December 1850.

Other DELAUNEs on the River

Local church and civil records make it difficult to link at least one Delaune on the river with known Acadian lines of the family there:

Célestine Delaune gave birth to son Charles in Ascension Parish in January 1849.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name or the mother's parents' names.  Was Célestine Acadian or Foreign French? 

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

By the mid-1790s, Spanish officials were counting Jean Delaune and his family on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Jean's nephew Jean-Baptiste also moved there by the 1810s.  All of the Acadian Delaunes of South Louisiana, in fact, are descended from Jean-Baptiste:

Marie Céleste, daughter of Jean Delaune and wife of Hyacinthe Aucoin, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1820, in her mid-30s.  

Descendants of Jean DELAUNE (1743-?; )

Jean, elder son of Acadian family progenitor Christophe Delaune of Normandy, France, and Marguerite Caissie of Chignecto, was born at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean, in November 1743.  He followed his widowed mother and siblings to Cherbourg, France, in 1758-59.  He became a sailor and a carpenter in France and married Marie-Anne, daughter of fellow Acadian Eustache Part, at Cherbourg in February 1773.  He and his wife and their two surviving children sailed to Louisiana aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785.  They settled at St.-Jacques on the river, where they had more children, including another son.  They moved from St.-Jacques to upper Bayou Lafourche in the late 1780s or early 1790s.  Their daughters married into the Aucoin and Rousseau families.  Only one of their six sons, the youngest, born in Louisiana, survived childhood and created a family of his own, in Lafourche Interior Parish.  Except for its blood, however, this line of the family did not survive in the Bayou State. 

1

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste, baptized at La Chapelle-Roux, Poitou, France, in June 1774, died young.

2

Christophe le jeune, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France, in September 1776, also died young.

3

Pierre-Basile, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France, in December 1779, died at Chantenay, age 2, in February 1782.  

4

Louis-Auguste, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France, in October 1782, died at Chantenay, age 10 months, in August 1783.

5

Pierre, born probably at Chantenay in c1784, probably did not survive the voyage to Louisiana in late 1785.

6

Youngest son Jean Alexandre, called Alexandre, born at either Ascension or St.-Jacques in the late 1780s, married Marie Julie, called Julie, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Hébert, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1820.  Their son, name unrecorded, died in Lafourche Interior Parish 4 hours after his birth in November 1827.  Their daughters married into the Boudreaux, Chouabe, and Peltier families.  Alexandre remarried to Rosalie, daughter of French Creole Jean Olivier of St. John the Baptiste Parish and widow of Dominique Boudreaux, at the Thibodauxville church in May 1837.  Their son Jean Augustin was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1838 but died at age 7 1/2 in November 1845.  This family line, except for its blood, probably died with him.  

Descendants of Jean-Baptiste DELAUNE (1775-1855; Christophe père)

Jean-Baptiste, eldest son of Christophe Delaune, fils and Marie Boudrot, and nephew of Jean Delaune, was baptized at La Chapelle-Roux, Poitou, France, in June 1775.  He followed his parents and sibling to Louisiana aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785 to St.-Jacques, where he married Marie-Hyacinthe, called Hyacinthe, daughter of French Creole Joseph Michel of St.-Jean-Baptiste des Allemands, in June 1794.  They moved to the upper Bayou Lafourche valley by the 1810s.  Their daughters married into the Bergeron and Boudreaux families.  Jean Baptiste remarried to Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Hébert, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1816.  Jean Baptiste died in Assumption Parish in August 1855; he was 80 years old and may have been the last of the Acadian immigrants to Louisiana to join our Acadian ancestors.  He had a dozen sons by his two wives.  Most of his sons married, and they all settled in Assumption Parish.  The Acadian Delaunes of Louisiana are descended from these sons, especially his oldest.  

1

Oldest son Christophe le jeune, by his first wife, born at St.-Jacques in December 1796, married Marie Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadian Franéois Marie Gautreaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in September 1817.  Their son Jean Baptiste le jeune was born in Assumption Parish in December 1818, François Onésime in October 1820, Joseph le jeune in September 1827, and Mathurin Sylvain in November 1830.  Their daughter married into the Daigle family.  Christophe le jeune remarried to Léocadie Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Aucoin, at the Plattenville church in October 1834.  Their son Eugène Christophe Eusilien, called Eusilien, was born in Assumption Parish in July 1836, Alexis Sosthène in December 1837, Maxilien or Marcellin Jean Baptiste, sometimes called Jean Baptiste, in January 1840, and Désiré Aristide Théodule, called Aristide, in December 1845.  Their daughter married into the Lerille family.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 7 slaves--5 males and 2 females, all black, ranging in age from 32 years to 1 month--on Christophe Delonde's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  In July 1860, the census taker in Assumption Parish counted 9 slaves--7 males and 2 females, all black, ages 57 years to 4 months, living in 2 houses--on Christophe Delaune's farm between Arsène Delaune and Widow Azélie Delaune in the parish's Ward 6.   

1a

Jean Baptiste le jeune, by his first wife, married cousin Julie, who also may have been called Denise, daughter of Jean Baptiste Daigle, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1842; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  

1b

François, by his first wife, married Azélie, daughter of Jean Baptiste Colonne, at the the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1842; Azélie's mother was a Blanchard.  Their son Apollinaire François was born in Assumption Parish in August 1843, Sylvestre Donable Ariele in September 1844, Ulysse in June 1852, and Octave Numa in March 1859.  Their daughter married a Bergeron cousin. 

Apollinaire François married cousin Elmire, daughter of Simon Delaune, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in March 1868; they had to secure a dispensation for __ degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Auber Savigne was born near Labadieville in September 1868. 

1c

Joseph le jeune, by his first wife, married Marie Adélaïde, called Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadian Rosémond Hébert, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1848.  Their son André Étienne Philoclet was born near Labadieville, Assumption Parish, in October 1860, and Alcée Amoleo in February 1863.  

1d

Mathurin, by his first wife, married fellow Acadian Aureline Daigle.  Their son Alfred was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1851.  Mathurin died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1852; he was only 22 years old.  

1e

Eusilien, by his second wife, died in Assumption Parish in June 1854.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Eusilien was 15 years old when he died, but he was just shy of 18.  He probably did not marry.  

1f

Alexis, by his second wife, married Louise, daughter of Louis Lerille and sister of his sister Victorine's future husband Louis, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1858; Louise's mother was a Poirier

1g

Marcellin, by his second wife, married Armentine or Émelie, daughter of fellow Acadian Rosémond Bergeron, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1866.  They moved down bayou to Lockport, Lafourche Parish, later in the decade.  

1h

Aristide married Amanda, daughter of fellow Acadian Homer C. Savoie, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in April 1869; the marriage also was recorded at the Lockport church, Lafourche Parish, the following month.  Their son Homer Félicien was born near Lockport in September 1870.  

2

Jean-Pierre, by his first wife, baptized at New Orleans, age 18 months, in June 1800, probably died young.  

3

Louis-Auguste le jeune, called Auguste, from his first wife, born at St.-Jacques in March 1802, married Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadian Jacques Theriot, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1825.  Their son Auguste Carville or Clairville, called Clairville, had been born in Assumption Parish in September 1822, Auguste, fils in March 1829, Basile Théodule, called Théodule le jeune, in January 1831, Amédée Séraphin in September 1835, Joseph Justinien in July 1838, and Désiré Octave in December 1846.  Their daughters married into the Bolotte, Bourg, and Perque families.  Auguste, père died near Labadieville, Assumption Parish, in October 1858; he was 56 years old.

3a

Clairville married fellow Acadian Azema or Irma Arceneaux probably in Assumption Parish in the late 1840s  Their son François Numa was born in Assumption Parish in October 1850, Gustave Joseph in October 1852, Clément Octave, a twin, in December 1854, and Victor died near Labadieville a day after his birth in December 1861.  During the War Between the States, despite his age, Clairville served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  

Gustave Joseph may have died near Labadieville in December 1870.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not bother to give any parents' names, said that Gustave died at "age 16 years."  Gustave Joseph would have been 18.  He probably did not marry. 

3b

Théodule le jeune married Rosema, daughter of French Creole Olivier Cancienne, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in May 1856; Rosema's mother was a Landry.  Their son Xavier Pierre was born near Labadieville in June 1858.  

3c

Joseph Justinien married Eliska, daughter of fellow Acadian Vincent Landry, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1861.  Their son Félix Octave was born near Paincourtville in January 1869. 

3d

During the War Between the States, Amédée served in Company C of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Assumption Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His first cousins Clodimir and François Delaune served in the same unit.  

4

Ursin, by his first wife, born at New Orleans in April 1803, married Clarisse Melisaire, called Melisaire, another daughter of Jacques Theriot, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in May 1826.  Their son Théophile was born in Assumption Parish in February 1830, François Clodimir, called Clodimir, in October 1833, and François Léon, called Léonie, in April 1843.  Their daughter married into the Landry family on the lower Atchafalaya River.  His oldest son moved to lower Bayou Teche after the War Between the States. 

4a

Théophile married Caroline, daughter of Jean Laulan, Lollan, Lovland, at the Plattenville church, Lafourche Parish, in January 1853.  Their son Théophile Eugène was born in Assumption Parish in November 1853, and Joseph died near Labadieville, age 7 months, in April 1856.  They were living near Franklin, St. Mary Parish, on lower Bayou Teche, in the late 1760s. 

4b

Clodimir married distant cousin Zulma, daughter of French Creole Pierre Cancienne, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1858; Zulma's mother, also, was a Theriot.  During the War Between the States, Clodimir served in Company C of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Assumption Parish. which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His first cousins Amédée and François Delaune served in the same unit.  Clodimir remarried to Clementine, daughter of Charles Bolotte, at the Labadieville church in April 1864.  Their son Victor Clebert Charles was born in Assumption Parish in March 1865.  

4c

Léonie married Odile, daughter of French Creole Olivier Cancienne, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1867. 

5

Jean-Baptiste, fils, by his first wife, born at St.-Jacques in April 1805, died in Assumption Parish, age 10, in July 1815.  

6

Sosthène or Faustin, by his first wife, born at St.-Jacques in May 1807, married Marie Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Michel Aucoin, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1828.  Their daughters married into the Blanchard and Boudreaux families.  Faustin died in Assumption Parish in July 1834; the priest who recorded his burial said that Faustin was 24 years old when he died, but he was 27.  

7

Théodule, by his second wife, born in Assumption Parish in February 1815, married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Baptiste Arceneaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1841.  Their son Jean François, called François, was born in Assumption Parish in January 1842, Eusilien in March 1846, Cyprien in January 1850, Placide Patrice near Labadieville in February 1857, Étienne Octave in November 1859, Appolone Oleus Octave in April 1862, and Norbert Justilien in November 1864.  

During the War Between the States, François served in Company C of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Assumption Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His first cousins Amédée and Clodimir Delaune served in the same unit.  François married Noemie, daughter of Jean Baptiste Gebelin, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in September 1866. 

8

Joseph, by his second wife, born in Assumption Parish in December 1818, married Marie Azélie, called Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadian Basile Boudreaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1842.  Their son Simon Joseph Oville, called Oville and Onil, was born in Assumption Parish in October 1845, Alcide Ferdinand in June 1848, Théodore Joseph in December 1850, Victor Augustin in July 1854, Pierre Camille near Labadieville in April 1856, and a newborn son, name unrecorded, was buried in October 1858.  Their daughters married into the Arceneaux and Venissat families.  Joseph died near Labadieville in November 1858; he was only 40 years old.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 2 slaves--a 19-year-old black male, and a 17-year-old black female, living in 1 house--on Widow Azélie Delaune's farm in the parish's Ward 6 next to Christophe Delaune and near Arsène Delaune; this was Joseph's widow Azélie Boudreaux.  

Oville married Léontine, daughter of fellow Acadian Magloire Bourgeois, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1867.   Their son Arthur Joseph was born near Labadieville in September 1868. 

9

Simon Ursin, by his second wife, born in Assumption Parish in February 1821, married fellow Acadian Mathilde Boudreaux probably in Assumption Parish in the late 1840s.  Their son Joseph Émile was born in Assumption Parish in October 1849, Léon was baptized at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, age unrecorded, in March 1853, and Amand Octave, called Octave, was born in February 1855 but died at age 1 1/2 in November 1856.  Their daughter married a Delaune cousin. 

10

Ferdinand, by his second wife, born in Assumption Parish in March 1823, probably died young.  

11

Arsène, by his second wife, born in Assumption Parish in November 1826, married Marie or Marine, daughter of fellow Acadian Florentin Blanchard, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1851.  Their son Anatole was born near Plattenville in July 1852, Augustin in October 1854, Oleu Félix in September 1863, Charles Oscar Octave near Labadieville in December 1864, and Sylvestre Joseph in December 1868.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 2 slaves--a 26-year-old black female and a 2-month-old black males, living in 1 house--on Arsène Delaune's farm in the parish's Ward 6 next to Christophe Delaune and near Widow Azélie Delaune.  

12

A second Jean Baptiste, fils, by his second wife, born in Assumption Parish in September 1829, may have married fellow Acadian Denise Daigle probably in Assumption Parish. 

Other DELAUNEs in the Lafourche Valley

Area church and civil records make it difficult to link at least some Delaunes in the Bayou Lafourche valley with known Acadian lines of the family there:

Adélaïde Delaune gave birth to son Léon in Assumption Parish in September 1809.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name or the mother's parents' names.  

Lucie Delaune gave birth to son Trasimond Alexandre in Assumption Parish in May 1845.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name or the mother's parents' names.  

The infant son of Jean Baptiste Delaune, name unrecorded, died in Assumption Parish, age 1, in August 1854.  The priest who recorded the boy's burial did not bother to give the mother's name.  

Roseline Delaune married Jourdan Brown at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1868.  The priest who recorded the marriage did not bother to give the couple's parents' names. 

NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA

Not all of the Delaunes of South Louisiana were Acadians.  A few Frenchmen and women with similar surnames lived in Louisiana during the colonial period, one of them during the earliest days of the colony:

Pierre de Launay, a Canadian voyageur, was among the first residents of Iberville's Fort Louis-de-la-Louisiana, at Old Mobile, in 1702.  He was till being carried on the settlement's rolls in 1706. 

Élisabeth Delonne of Versailles, widow of Louis Beignon, married Louis Jambot, a soldier from Montauban, France, and widower of Jeanne Bobas, at New Orleans in July 1727.  Élisabeth died at New Orleans in December 1729.  The priest who recorded her burial did not give her age at the time of her death.  

Louis-Alexandre Piot de Launay, a member of the colonial Superior Council, who had passed judgment on the Jesuits when they appeared before the Council in July 1763, was one of the purchasers in the public auction of Jesuit properties at New Orleans later that month.  In November 1766, de Launay was appointed councilor-commissioner on the Superior Council, and was part of the conspiracy against Spanish Governor Ulloa in October 1768.  Jeanne-Josèphe Piqueri of New Orleans, wife of Piot De Launay, "former councilor," died at New Orleans in March 1772.  Was M. de Launay a descendant of Pierre de Launay of Old Mobile? 

Mederic De Lonay married Julia Soniac.  Their son Nicolas was born at New Orleans in July 1800.

~

During the early antebellum period, non-Acadian Delaunes, who native Louisianians would have called Foreign French, appeared at Baton Rouge, on the old Acadian Coast, and even on the western prairies.  Foreign Frenchmen with similar-sounding surnames emigrated from France to New Orleans during the period:  

Georges, also called Ferjus, Delaune married Félicité Brusle.  Their son Georges, fils married Marguerite Eloise Baily or Belly, Pierre was born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in January 1825, and Alfred, born in c1817, died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, age 13 1/2, in 1831.  Their daughter married into the Chevalier family.

Antoine, son of Jean Baptiste Delaune and Françoise Decologne, married Marie Thérèse Henriette, daughter of French Creole Honoré Célestin Maxent, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in January 1824.  

Édouard or Edward Delaune married Frances, called Fanny, Colton probably at Baton Rouge by the late 1820s.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in East Feliciana Parish, north of Baton Rouge, counted 5 slaves--2 males and 3 females, all black, ranging in age from 10 to 1--on Edward Delony's farm.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in East Baton Rouge Parish counted 2 slaves--a 29-year-old mulatto female and a 15-year-old black male--in Edward Delony's household in the City of Baton Rouge.  

De Launnay de la Blarduse, first name and occupation unrecorded, was 63 years old when he reached New Orleans aboard the ship William out of Bordeaux, France, in October 1830.  

Regis Delaune married Acadian Eugènie Babin.  Their son Louis was born near Baton Rouge in February 1831.  

A De Launey lived in St. Martin Parish in the early 1800s.  Germain De Launey married Louise Robert.  He was mentioned in his wife's will, filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in June 1831.  

Elisa Delaunay, a 26-year-old milliner from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Austerlitz out of Le Havre, France, in November 1835.  

Eliza Delaunay, a 27-year-old "lady" from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Rubicon out of Le Havre in November 1837.  

Alex. Delaunie, a 35-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Mrs. Turner out of Belize, Honduras, in March 1841.

L. Delaunay, a 43-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Natchez out of Havana, Cuba, in April 1841.  

Henri Delaunay, a 12-year-old farmer from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Pie IX out of Le Havre in February 1848.  

In October 1850, the federal census taker in Orleans Parish counted a single slave--a 30-year-old black female--in Louise Delaunay's household in Ward 5 of Municipality 1, New Orleans.  The same census taker counted 3 more slaves--a male and 2 females, all black, ages 29, 7, and 4--in Lse. Delaunay's household in the same ward.  

During the War Between the States, Gustave J. Delaunay served as a corporal in Company F of Coppens's Battalion Louisiana Zouaves, also known as the Confederate States Battalion of Zouaves, a front-line unit raised in Orleans Parish that served gallantly in Florida and Virginia.  L. and P. Delaunay of Natchitoches Parish, perhaps brothers, served in Company G of the 28th (Gray's) Regiment Louisiana Infantry, a front-line unit raised in Winn Parish that fought in Louisiana.

Mrs. Kate Delauney died at Baton Rouge in July 1866.  The priest who recorded her burial died not give her parents' names, mention a husband, or even give her age at the time of her death. 

.

One Foreign-French family settled at Baton Rouge and in Ascension Parish, and some of them took Acadian wives: 

Descendants of Jean-Nicolas DELAUNE (1775-1828)

Jean-Nicolas of Suresne, Paris, France, son of Nicolas Delaune and Renée-Brigitte Guygnard of Valdampiere, Bauvais, Picardie, France, born in c1775, married Marie-Isabelle Ferre in France.  She gave him two children, including a son.  Jean Nicholas remarried to Marie, daughter of Irish American James Adams of Manchac, at Baton Rouge in April 1808.  She gave him more sons.  Jean-Nicolas died in East Baton Rouge Parish in September 1828; he was only 53 years old. 

1

Oldest son Lewis or Louis Nicolas, also called Drauzin, from his first wife, born in France in c1809, married Anglo American Elizabeth Philips in a civil ceremony probably in East Baton Rouge Parish in the 1820s.  Their son William Édouard or Edward was born near Baton Rouge in March 1825, Pleasant or Plaisant James, called James, in September 1835, Charles Washington in March 1840, and Ewell Dulton in October 1842.  The also had a son named Louis Nicolas, fils.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in East Baton Rouge Parish counted 2 slaves--a 46-year-old black female and a 42-year-old black male--on Lewis Delone's farm next to William Delone in the parish's Ninth Ward.  During the 1850s, the family moved downriver to Ascension Parish.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted a single slave--a 50-year-old black male--on Louis M. Delone's farm in the parish's Ward 8 next to Louis M. Delone, Jr. and near William Delone.  Louis M., Jr. held only a single slave--an 11-year-old black male--and William also held only a single slave--a 15-year-old black male. 

1a

William Edward married Louisa Vining probably at Baton Rouge in the late 1840s.  Their son Harrison was born probably at Baton Rouge in April 1850.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in East Baton Rouge Parish counted 5 slaves--3 males and 2 females, all black, ranging in age from 29 to 1--on William Delone's farm next to Lewis Delone.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted a single slave--a 15-year-old black male--on William Delone's farm near Louis M. Delone and Louis M. Delone, Jr. in the parish's Ward 8. 

1b

In November 1850, the federal census taker in East Baton Rouge Parish counted a single slave--a 65-year-old black female--in James Delone's household in the parish's Ninth Ward; this may have been Pleasant James, unless it was his uncle Jacques.  Pleasant James married Serasine, daughter of Acadian Joseph Braud, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in February 1860. 

1c & 1d

During the War Between the States, Charles and Ewell served in Company B of the 7th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in East Baton Rouge Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--two of General R. E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  Both brothers died of disease early in the war. 

2

Jacques, by his second wife, was born near Baton Rouge in January 1810. 

3

Guillaume Eugène, by his second wife, was born near Baton Rouge in February 1818.

4

Youngest son Edmond or Édouard, called Edward, by his second wife, born near Baton Rouge in March 1823, married Arthémise, daughter of Acadian Joseph Daigle, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in November 1851. 

CONCLUSION

If the Spanish government had not coaxed over 1,500 Acadians in France to emigrate to Louisiana, there probably would be no Acadian Delaunes in the Bayou State today.  They did not settle in Acadia until the early 1700s, and they lived on Île St.-Jean, not in Nova Scotia.  Their progenitor married a Caissie from Chignecto, however, so the family did have connections to the rest of Acadia through the maternal line.  After enduring life in the mother country for a quarter century, two Delaune brothers and their families came to Louisiana on the last of the Seven Ships from France in 1785 and settled at St.-Jacques on the river.  One brother stayed at St.-Jacques, but the other moved to upper Bayou Lafourche.  During the early antebellum period, the oldest son of the brother who stayed on the river joined his cousins on the upper Lafourche.  He fathered an astonishing 12 sons by his 2 wives; the Acadian Delaunes in Louisiana spring from these sons.  No Acadian Delaune settled west of the Atchafalaya Basin before the War Between the States, only along the river and on the upper Lafourche, with the largest center of settlement in Assumption Parish.  After the war, at least one Acadian Delaune appeared in St. Mary Parish on lower Bayou Teche. 

Meanwhile, non-Acadian Delaunes--who spelled their surname De Launay, De Launey, and Delone as well as Delaune--settled at Old Mobile, Baton Rouge, in Ascension and Iberville parishes, at New Orleans, and on Bayou Teche, but their numbers never came close to their Acadian namesakes.  However, one line that settled in East Baton Rouge and Ascension parishes was a fairly vigorous one, and some of them took Acadian wives. 

Judging from the number of slaves they owned during the late antebellum period, the Delaunes, both Acadian and French Creole, participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.  The largest slave holder in the family was Acadian Christophe Delaune of Assumption Parish, who owned seven slaves in 1860.  

Nearly a dozen Delaunes, Acadian as well as French Creole, served Louisiana in uniform during the War Between the States.  At least three of them, all non-Acadians from East Baton Rouge Parish, died in Confederate service. ...

The war hit hard those areas where Delaunes lived.  Even before Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect in January 1863, Federal commands along the lower Mississippi freed the slaves on every farm and plantation their forces could reach.  Meanwhile, Union navy gunboats shelled and burned dozens of houses along the river.  Successive Federal incursions devastated the Bayou Lafourche valley, and Confederate foragers also plagued the area when the Federals were not around. ...

The family's name also is spelled Delaney, Delanne, Delannois, Delanue, Delaunais, De Launay, De Laune, De L'Aune, Delauny, Delone, Delonne, Delhonde, Desaunay, Launay.

Sources:  1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Assumption, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, & Orleans parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Ascension, Assumption, East Baton Rouge, & Iberville parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2084; Baudier, The Catholic Church in LA, 165; Booth, LA Confed. Units, 2:589-90; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 1:151, 2:87; Brasseaux, Foucault and the Rebellion of 1768, 58, note 3, 76-77, 79; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 103-04; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 3, 8, 9; Higginbotham, Old Mobile, 75, 271; NOAR, vols. 1, 3, 7; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 33; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 54; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 4; Brad Johnson, descendant.  

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day parishes that existed during the War Between the States in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Christophe DELAUNE 01 Dec 1785 StJ born 23 Jun 1750, baptized ___ 1751, St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean; son of Christophe DELAUNE & Marguerite CAISSIE [ROGER]; brother of Jean; deported from Île St.-Jean to St.-Malo, France, Nov 1758, age 8; navigator & ship's carpenter; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; married, age 24, Marie, daughter of Pierre BOUDREAUX & Cécile VECO, 30 Jun 1774, Archigny, France; in First Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Oct 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Christophe DE LAUNE, with wife, 2 unnamed sons, & 2 unnamed orphans; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 34, head of family; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, called Christoval DE LAUNE, with 4 unnamed others & 7 1/2 barrels corn
Jean DELAUNE 02 Dec 1785 StJ, Asp born 30 Nov 1743, baptized next day, St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean; son of Christophe DELAUNE & Marguerite CAISSIE [ROGER]; brother of Christophe; deported from Île St.-Jean to St.-Malo, France, Nov 1758, age 15; seaman; married, age 30, Marie-Anne, daughter of Eustache PART & Anastasie GODIN dit BELLEFONTAINE, 18 Feb 1773, Trés-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, France; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in First Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Oct 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Jean DE LAUNE, with wife, 1 unnamed son, & 1 unnamed orphan; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 48[sic], head of family; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, called Juan DE LAUNCE, with 4 unnamed others & 7 1/2 barrels corn; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Juan DE L'AUNE, age 54[sic], with wife Mariana age 45, daughters Maria Céleste age 11, Adèlaïdes age 6, Rosalia age 4, & [engagé] Pedro L'ARTAU age 87[sic]; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Jean DE LAUNE, age 55, with wife Marianne age 46, daughters Marie-Céleste age 12, Adélaïdes age 7, Rosalie age 5, & engagé Pierre LARTEAU age 88, 1 slave; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Jean DE LAUNE, age 54, with wife Marianne age 48, son Alexandre age 1, daughters Marie age 13, & Adélaïde age 8, 6/50 arpents, 0 slaves
Jean-Baptiste DELAUNE 03 Dec 1785 StJ, Asp baptized 8 Jun 1775, La Chapelle-Roux, France; son of Christophe DELAUNE & Marie BOUDREAUX; brother of Louis-Auguste; in First Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Oct 1775; on report of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents, brother, & 2 orphans; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 10; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, unnamed, with parents & siblings; married, age 19, (1)Marie-Hyacinthe, called Hyacinthe, daughter of Joseph MICHEL & Marie FALGOUT of St.-Jean-Baptiste des Allemans, 17 Jun 1794, St.-Jacques; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, age 25[sic], with wife Hiacinthe age 21, son Christofe age 1, 4/50 arpents, 0 slaves; married, age 39, (2)Marie, daughter of Jean HÉBERT & Natalie AUCOIN, 22 Apr 1816, Assumption, now Plattenville; died [buried] Assumption Parish 6 Aug 1855, age 80  #
Louis-Augustin DELAUNE 04 Dec 1785 StJ, StG baptized 11 Jun 1784, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France; called Augustin & Auguste; son of Christophe DELAUNE & Marie BOUDREAUX; brother of Jean-Baptiste; on report of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents, unnamed brother, & 2 unnamed orphans; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 1; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, unnamed, with parents & siblings; married, age 25, (1)Geneviève, daughter of Joseph-Simon DUPUIS & Ludivine LANDRY, 16 Oct 1809, St. Gabriel; married, age 42, (2)Clothilde, daughter of Isaac LEBLANC & Félicité MELANÇON, & widow of Alexis LEBLANC, 30 Apr 1827, St. Gabriel; died [buried] St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, 29 Mar 1851, age 68[sic #
Marie-Céleste DELAUNE 05 Dec 1785 StJ, Asp, Lf baptized 18 Feb1785, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France; daughter of Jean DELAUNE & Marie-Anne PART; sister of Pierre; sailed to LA on La Caroline, an infant; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, unnamed, with parents & siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria Céleste, age 11, with parents, sisters, & [worker] Pedro L'ARTAU; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, age 12, with parents, sisters, & engagé Pierre LARTEAU; in Lafourche census, 1798, called Marie, age 13, with parents & siblings; married, age 19, Hyacinthe-Laurent, son of Joseph AUCOIN & his second wife Anne HÉBERT, 16 Jul 1804, Assumption, now Plattenville; died Lafourche Interior Parish 1 May 1820, age 33[sic]
Pierre DELAUNE 06 Dec 1785 StJ born c1778 or c1784, probably Chantenay, France; son of Jean DELAUNE & Marie-Anne PART; brother of Marie-Céleste; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & 1 orphan; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 1 or 7; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, unnamed, with parents & siblings

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Christophe DE LAUNE, & lists him with his wife, 2 sons, & a sister-in-law; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2084, his father's profile in the Île St.-Jean section, calls him Christophe [DELAUNE], says he was born in 1750, gives his parents' names & his father's birthplace in Normandie, details his parents' marriage, lists his siblings' names, says his father reached "the country" in 1729, lived at Havre-la-Fortune, & died in c1758, & details his mother's remarriage at Cherbourg in 1759; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 103 (Île St.-Jean: St.-Pierre du Nord, p.7), his birth/baptismal record, calls him Christoffe DELAUNE, gives his parents'  names, calls him mother Marguerite TILLE, & says his godparents were Pierre OUDY & Rosalie VECO; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 33, Family No. 66, calls him Christopher DELAUNE, says he was born in c1751 gives no birthplace, calls him "navigator and ship's carpenter, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Marguerite CAISSY, details his marriage, calls his wife Marie BOUDROT, says she was born in c1751 but gives no birthplace, calls her parents "deceased Pierre BOUDROT and deceased Cécile VECO," includes the birth/baptismal record of son Jean-Baptiste DELAUNE, baptized 8 Jun 1775, La Chapelle-Roux, godson of Jean-Baptiste DELAUNE & Magdeleine BOURG, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 54, Family No. 100; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls him Christophe DELAUNE, charpentier, age 34, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Christophe DELAUNE, carpenter, age 34, on the complete listing, says he was in the 8th Family aboard L'Amitié with his wife, 2 sister, & a sister-in-law, &, calling him Christopher DELAUNE, details his marriage, including his & his wife's parents' names, says they were married in 1774 but gives no place of marriage, & that son Jean-Baptiste was born in 1775 but gives no birthplace.

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

02.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Jean DE LAUNE, & lists him with his wife & 2 children; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2084, his father's profile in the Île St.-Jean section, calls him Jean [DELAUNE], says he was born in 1743, gives his parents' names, his father's birthplace in Normandie, details his parents' marriage, lists his siblings' names, says his father reached "the country" in 1729, lived at Havre-la-Fortune, & died in c1758, & details his mother's remarriage at Cherbourg in 1759; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 103 (Île St.-Jean: St.-Pierre du Nord, p.186), his birth/baptismal record, calls him Christophe[sic] DELAUNE, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Marguerite QUAISY, & says his godparents were Joseph JACQUEST & Marie-Madeleine PICHARD; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 104, 346, his marriage record, calls him Jean DE LAUNE, gives his & his wife's parents' names, says his father & her mother were deceased at the time of the wedding, but gives no marriage witnesses; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 33, Family No. 67, calls him Jean DELAUNE, says he was born in c1743 but gives no birthplace, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Marguerite CAISSY, details his marriage, says his wife was born in c1750 but gives no birthplace, gives her parents' names, calls her mother Anastasie de BELLFONTAINE, includes the birth/baptismal record of son Jean DELAUNE, baptized 22 Jul 1774, La Chapelle-Roux, godson of Eustache PART & Marguerite CAISSY, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 54, Family No. 101; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls him Jean DE LAUNE, charpentier, age 48, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Jean DELAUNE, carpenter, age 48, on the complete listing, says he was in the 4th Family aboard L'Amitié with his wife & 2 children, & details his marriage, including his & his wife's parents' names, & says they married in 1773 but gives no place of marriage.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 497, 528; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 55, 83, 116.  

His estimated birth year is not from the passenger list of L'Amitié or La Caroline, which gives him a birth year prior to his parents' wedding, but from Arsenault & the Lafourche valley censuses.  

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

How much work could he have gotten out of an engagé, or hired man, in his late 80s who lived with him & his family at Assumption in the late 1790s? 

03.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Jean-Baptiste [DE LAUNE], & lists him with his parents, a brother, & a maternal aunt; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls him Jean Bte, son [Christophe DELAUNE's] fils, age 10, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Jean-Baptiste DELAUNE, his [Christophe DELAUNE's], son, age 10, on the complete listing, says he was in the 8th Family aboard L'Amitié with his parents, a brother, & a maternal aunt, & says he was born in 1775 but gives no birthplace; BRDR, 2:234, 543 (SJA-2, 24 & 25), his marriage record, calls him Juan Bap. DELAUNE, calls his wife Hyacintha MICHEL, gives his & her parents' names, says his parents were from Nantes & hers from "St. John Bap. of the German Coast," says both fathers were deceased at the time of the wedding, & that the witnesses to his marriage were Luis FALGOUT & Josef MICHEL; BRDR, 8:181 (ASM-10, 151), his death/burial record, calls him Jean Baptiste DELAUNE, age 80 years, but does not give his parents' names or mention a wife or wives.

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

He was, along with brother Louis-Augustin, one of the last of the Acadian immigrants to join our Acadian ancestors.  Most of the DELAUNEs of Louisiana are descended from his many sons.  

04.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Louis-Auguste [DE LAUNE], & lists him with his parents, a brother, & a maternal aunt; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 53, calls him Augustin DELAUNE; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls him Louis-Auguste, sa [Chrisotophe DELAUNE's] fils, age 1, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Louis-Auguste DELAUNE, his [Christophe DELAUNE's] son, age 1, on the complete listing, & says he was in the 8th Family aboard L'Amitié with his parents, a brother, & a maternal aunt; BRDR, 3:259, 301 (SGA-14, 79), the record of his first marriage, calls him Louis-Auguste DELAUNE, gives his & his wife's parents' names, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Marcel DUPUIS, Joseph LEBLANC, & Gedeon DUPUIS; BRDR, 4:163, 347 (SGA-14, 237), the record of his second marriage, calls him Auguste DELAUNE, calls his wife Clothilde LEBLANC, gives his & her parents' names & her first husband's name, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Joseph BLANCHARD, Maxil LEBLANC, & Julien ALLAIN; BRDR, 7:156 (SGA-8, 327), his death/burial record, calls him Auguste DELAUNE, "age 68 years," but does not give his parents' names or mention a wife.  

Louis-Auguste was also the name of a first cousin who died as an infant in August 1783.  See Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 54, Family No. 101.

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

Why doesn't the record of his second marriage mention his first wife? 

He was "only" 66 when he died & was, along with brother Jean-Baptiste, one of the last of the Acadian immigrants in LA to join our Acadian ancestors.  

05.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls her Marie-Céleste [DE LAUNE], & lists her with her parents & a brother; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 54, Family No. 101, her birth/baptism record, calls her Marie-Céleste DELAUNE, gives her parents' names but not her godparents' names, & details her family's voyage to AL in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls her Marie-Céleste, sa [Jean DE LAUNE's] fille, à la mamelle, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie-Céleste DELAUNE, dgtr. [of Jean DELAUNE], a nursling, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 4th Family aboard L'Amitié with her parents & a brother; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:178 (Thib.Ch.: v. 1, p. 2), her death/burial record, calls her Marie Rose DELAUNE m. Jacinte AUCOIN, gives her parents' names, & says she was 33 years old when she died.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth Century Louisianians, 528; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 55, 83, 116.

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, she & her family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

06.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Pierre [DE LAUNE], & lists him with his parents & a sister; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls him Pre, son [Jean DE LAUNE's] fils, age 7, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Pierre DELAUNE, his [Jean DELAUNE's] son, age 7, on the complete listing, & says he was in the 4th Family aboard L'Amitié with his parents & a sister.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth Century Louisianians, 497, 528.

So was he 1 or 7 in 1785?  As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  Since Robichaux found no birth/baptismal record for him, & he does not appear with the rest of his family in the Lafourche valley censuses of 1795-98, which provided ages, who can say what was his estimated birth year?  What happened to him in LA?  Did he die after 1788?  In that year he would have been either 4 or 10.  

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