Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s
François Moyse dit Latreille, born perhaps at Arcasson, France, in c1655, had reached Acadia by 1681, when he was recorded as the godfather of an Indian girl at Chignecto. He married Madeleine, daughter of Pierre Vincent, at Port-Royal in c1685. They moved to Passamaquoddy on Rivière Ste.-Croixe, at the border of present-day Maine and New Brunswick, where they were counted in 1693, and then to Rivière St.-Jean, present-day New Brunswick, where they were counted five years later. François died at Annapolis Royal, formerly Port-Royal, in January 1711, in his late 50s, so the family must have moved there sometime in the early 1700s. He and Madeleine had six children. One of their daughters married into the Pouget dit Lapierre family. Three of their four sons created families of their own:
Oldest son François dit Latreille, fils, born probably at Passamaquoddy in c1689, married Marie, daughter of Sébastien Brun, at Annapolis Royal in September 1713. They had 10 children, including three sons who married into the Blanchard, Hébert, and Bourg families. Their daughters married into the Blanchard, Bourg, Dugas, Guédry, LeBlanc, Ozelet, and Pitre families. The family moved to Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, by the 1750s. One of François dit Latreille, fils's grandsons by his son Joseph created the only Acadian Moyse/Moïse family line in Louisiana.
Louis dit Latreille, born probably at Passamaquoddy in c1694, married Marie-Louise, daughter of Claude Petitpas, at Port-Toulouse, Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island, in c1718. Their daughter Marie was born on Île Royale in c1741 and was the member of this family line to emigrate to Louisiana.
Pierre, baptized at Port-Royal in c1718, age unrecorded, must have been an even more avid wanderer than his older brothers. He married Marie-Rose, daughter of Paul Daniel and widow of ____ Mercier, at Grand-Bourg, Guadeloupe, in the Caribbean, in January 1753, before Le Grand Dérangement.
Youngest son Joseph, born in c1699, died at Port-Royal in August 1714. He was only 15 years old.
In 1755, descendants of François dit Latreille could be found on Île St.-Jean and Île Royale.
LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT
Le Grand Dérangement of the 1750s scattered this family even farther. Since they lived in territory controlled by France, the Moyses of Île St.-Jean and Île Royale escaped the British roundup of the Acadians in Nova Scotia during the fall of 1755. Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however. After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British rounded up most of the Acadian habitants on the Maritime islands and deported them to France:
François dit Latreille, fils, now a widow, and his unmarried daughter, Marguerite, age 34, endured the crossing aboard one of the five British transports that left the Gut of Canso in late November 1758 and reached St.-Malo in late January 1759. Also aboard one of the Five Ships were all three of François, fils's sons: Jean-Baptiste, age 46, his wife Marie-Josèphe Blanchard, age 40, and their children, Marie-Josèphe, age 13, Bénoni, age 11, Cécile, age 9, Jean-Baptiste, age 8, and Gertrude, age 4; François III, age 27, and his new wife Marie-Madeleine Hébert, age 21, whom he had married on Île St.-Jean in September; and Joseph, age 27, and his new wife Marie Hébert, age 19, whom he had married earlier that year.
The crossing was a disaster for the extended family. François dit Latreille, fils, Marguerite, Jean-Baptiste, Marie-Josèphe, François III, Marie-Madeleine, Joseph, and Marie, all survived the crossing, but Francois dit Latreille, fils, died in a St.-Malo hospital a few weeks after the family reached France; he was 70 years old. Two of Jean-Baptiste's children--Cécile and Gertrude--died at sea. François dit Latreille, fils's married daughters fared even worse on the terrible crossing, also aboard the Five Ships: Jeanne Moyse, wife of Benjamin Pitre, and two of their three children--Françoise, age 10, and Canuse, age 4--died at sea; husband Benjamin, age 34, daughter Agnès, age 11, and Jean-Baptiste Ozelet, age 16, Jeanne's son by her first marriage, survivied the crossing. Madeleine Moyse, wife of Jean-Baptiste Dugas, and the youngest two of their six children--Mathurin, age 3, and Anastasie, age 1--died at sea. Cécile Moyse, age 35, was the only survivor in her immediate family; husband Michel Bourg, age 38, died in a St.-Malo hospital a few weeks after the couple reached France, and their children--Marie, age 8, Perpétué, age 5, Michel, fils, age 3, and Simon, age 8 months--all died at sea. Françoise Moyse, age 32, lost her husband Jean Blanchard, also age 32, and three children--Anne-Josèphe, age 6, Jean-Grégoire, age 5, and Marie, age 1--to the sea and then died in a St.-Malo hospital a month after she reached France. Anne Moyse, age 26, wife of Joseph LeBlanc, age 33, lost her husband and both of their children--Joseph, fils, age 3, and François le jeune, age 1--at sea.
Meanwhile, one of François dit Latreille, fils's nieces, Marie, daughter of Louis dit Latreille, born on Île Royale in c1741, married Olivier, son of fellow Acadians Claude Pitre and Marguerite Doiron, at Louisbourg on Île Royale in August 1763, so Louis and his family probably were held by the British in greater Acadia until the war with Britain finally ended in early 1763. Olivier and Marie had two children on Île Royale, both baptized privately because there were no more Catholic priests there to perform the ritual: Jean-Baptiste in June 1764, and Victoire in December 1765. Wishing to free themselves of British rule, by 1766 they had moved to Île Miquelon, a French-controlled island off the southern coast of Newfoundland, where their marriage was sanctified and their children's baptisms were recorded in the church register at Notre-Dame-des-Ardiliers. But Marie and Olivier did not remain on Miquelon. French authorities, insisting that the island was overcrowded, sent many island residents to France. Marie and Olivier sailed to the mother country aboard the schooner La Créole and arrived at St.-Malo in mid-November 1767. They settled at St.-Suliac, a suburb of St.-Malo, near where some of Marie's Moyse cousins had been living since 1759. At St.-Suliac, Marie and Claude had more children: Marie-Cécile was born in December 1767 but died at age 2 in May 1771 (Marie-Cécile's birth date shows that Marie was pregnant when they sailed to St.-Malo), Françoise-Olive was born in November 1770, and Marie-Ludivine in September 1772 but died of smallpox at age 9 months in June 1773. Soon after they buried Marie-Ludivine, Marie and Olivier became part of a settlement venture in the Poitou region. French authorities were tired of providing for the Acadians languishing in the port cities. An influential French nobleman offered to settle them on land he owned near the city of Châtellerault. The Acadians tried mightily to bring life to the rocky soil in this corner of Poitou. After two years of effort, they gave up and demanded to be returned to the port cities. In November 1775, Marie and her family retreated from Châtellerault to the port city of Nantes with other Poitou Acadians. There they lived as best they could on government subsidies and whatever work Claude could find as a carpenter. They had two more children in Nantes but lost them both: Julie-Aimée, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, near Nantes, in March 1777, died the following December; and Marie-Martine, baptized at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay in November 1779, died at age 3 1/2 years in June 1783.
Marie's cousin Jean-Baptiste Moyse and his wife Marie-Josèphe Blanchard lived at St.-Suliac from 1759-72, where they had least two more children and where their two older children married. Joseph-François was born in March 1760 but died 8 days after his birth, and Perpétué was born in March 1762. Daughter Marie-Josèphe, age 20, married Pierre-Paul, son of fellow Acadians Basile Boudrot and Marguerite Giroire, in January 1765. They baptized four children at nearby Pleudihen. Son Bénoni, age 23, married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Basile Boudrot and Marguerite Giroire and sister of his sister's husband, at Pleudihen in November 1770. Bénoni's daughter Marguerite-Jean was born at St.-Suliac in 1772. Bénoni and wife Marie-Josèphe also went to Poitou in the early 1770s. They, too, retreated with other Poitou Acadians to Nantes, in March 1776. At least five more children were born to them at Nantes: Basile-Jean was baptized at St.-Pierre-de-Reze, Nantes, in December 1776; Cyprien-Bénonie in March 1779 but died the following July; Pierre-Bénoni was baptized in October 1780; Louis at St.-Donatien, Nantes, in November 1782; and Charles in November 1784. Meanwhile, father Jean-Baptiste died and was buried at St.-Pierre-de-Reze in September 1781, in his early 60s. Mother Marie-Josèphe Blanchard was buried at St.-Pierre-de-Reze also, in May 1782; she was 70 years old.
Jean-Baptiste's brother François III and his wife Marie-Madeleine Hébert also settled at St.-Suliac. Their daughter Perpétué was born there in January 1760 but died 3 days after her birth. Marie-Madeleine died two weeks later, probably from complications of childbirth; she was only 22 years old. François III remarried to Ursule, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Bourg and Françoise Dugas, at St.-Suliac in November 1761. Ursule gave him at least seven more children, all born at St.-Suliac, but most of them died young: Jean-Joseph was born in June 1763, Simon-Basile in March 1765 but died at age 13 months in April 1766, François-Alexandre was born in February 1767 but died at age 2 1/2 in June 1769, twins Bénonie-Étienne and Perrine-Ursule were born in March 1768 but died 2 days after their birth, Basile-Ignace was born in June 1769, and François-Jean in January 1773 but died of smallpox at age 4 months the following April. They, too, went to Poitou in the early 1770s. In March 1776, they retreated to Nantes, where François III died in July 1779; he was only 47 years old.
Jean-Baptiste and François III's brother Joseph Moyse and his wife Marie Hébert settled at St.-Suliac, where three children were born to them: Anne-Marie in July 1768, but she died at age 1 in July 1769; Marie-Josèphe was born in May 1771; and Joseph-Pierre in June 1773. The year Joseph-Pierre was born, Joseph took his family to Poitou. They, too, retreated to Nantes with other Poitou Acadians in March 1776. At least two more children were born to them at Nantes, and one of their older children died there: Jean, baptized at St.-Léonard, Nantes, in January 1777, died at age 4 in November 1780; and Marie-Joséphine was baptized at St.-Similien, Nantes, in June 1779. Marie-Josèphe died at age 6 in November 1777 and was buried at St.-Léonard. Joseph died at St.-Similien, Nantes, in January 1779; he was only 37 years old. Marie Hébert, though left with two young children, never remarried.
Joseph's sister Anne Moyse, who had left Île St.-Jean with a husband and two young sons but had arrived in France a widow with no children, remarried to Claude, son of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Guédry and Madeleine Mius d'Azy of Cobeguit and widower of Anne Lejeune, at St.-Suliac in February 1762. Claude, age 36 at the time of their marriage, already had five children by his first wife, two of whom had died young, but his other three children, the oldest only 12, were still living. Anne gave Claude seven more children at St.-Suliac: Marie-Cécile, born in May 1763; François-Xavier in September 1764; Suliac-Charles in November 1765; Malo-Bénoni in January 1767; Pierre-Olivier in March 1768, but he died 11 days after his birth; Anne-Josèphe was born in August 1769 but died 6 weeks later; and Pierre-Claude was born in June 1771. Anne and Claude did not join other Acadians in the Poitou venture but remained at St.-Suliac.
When the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana, not all of the surviving Moyses grabbed it. Bénoni and his wife Marie-Josèphe Boudrot chose to remain in France. But his aunt Anne Moyse and her husband, Claude Guédry, jumped at the chance to go to Louisiana. And so did Marie Hébert, widow of Anne's brother Joseph, and Joseph and Anne's cousin Marie Moyse, widow of Olivier Pitre.
LOUISIANA: RIVER SETTLEMENTS
All of the Acadian Moyses who came to Louisiana arrived aboard three of the Seven Ships from France that reached New Orleans in 1785. One of them chose to settle on the river, but no Moyse family line came of it:
Anne Moyse, age 54, and second husband Claude Guédry, age 71, crossed from France with six children, ages 21 to 8, on the sixth of the Seven Ships, La Ville d'Archangel, which reached New Orleans in early December. They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores, north of Baton Rouge. Needless to say, they had no more children in Louisiana. Sometime in the late 1780s, they moved down to Manchac, south of Baton Rouge. Most of their children settled in the Baton Rouge area.
LOUISIANA: LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS
Most of the Moyses who came to Louisiana from France in 1785 chose to go to upper Bayou Lafourche:
Marie Hébert, age 43, widow of Joseph Moyse of Île St.-Jean, crossed with two children--Joseph-Pierre, age 12, and Marie-Josephine, age 6--aboard Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in September. When the Spanish counted the Acadians on upper Bayou Lafourche in January 1788, only Joseph-Pierre, now age 14, remained with his mother; Marie-Josephine may not even have survived the crossing from France, or she died soon after her family reached the colony.
Marie Moyse, age 44, now a widow, took three of her Pitre children to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in early November. They remained on the Lafourche.
If there are any Acadian Moïses in South Louisiana, they are descended from one of the exiles from France:
Descendants of Joseph-Pierre MOÏSE (1773-1822; François dit Latreille, François dit Latreille, fils)
Joseph-Pierre, son of Joseph Moyse and Marie Hébert, born at St.-Suliac, France, near St.-Malo, in June 1773, came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and a sister aboard Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785. He followed his mother to upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Anne-Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Bénoni Blanchard, at Assumption in June 1803. Anne-Marguerite had come to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France. Their daughters married into the Dauge, Giroir, and Parenton or Parenthon families. Joseph-Pierre died in Assumption Parish in February 1822; he was only 48 years old. He and Anne-Marguerite had four sons, but only half of them married, and only one of their lines survived. All of the Acadian Moïses of South Louisiana are descended from Joseph-Pierre and his oldest son:
Oldest son Joseph Marie, born at Assumption in September 1804, married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Comeaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1834. Their son Osémé Joseph or Joseph Osémé, called Osémé, was born in Assumption Parish in December 1834. Their daughters married into the Daigle and Heriard families. Joseph Marie died in Assumption Parish in November 1845; the priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was 43 years old when he died, but he was only 41.
Osémé married Adeline, daughter of fellow Acadian Henry Breaux and widow of Joseph Landry, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1860. Two years later, in September 1862, when his wife was pregnant, Osémé enlisted in Company H of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Cavalry, raised in Assumption Parish, which fought in Louisiana. Daughter Marie Melodia was born near Paincourtville in February 1863. Osémé must have taken advantage of his unit's hit-and-run raids in the Bayou Lafourche valley during the summer of 1864; daughter Marie Olivia was born near Paincourtville in April 1865. Osémé survived the war and returned to his family. He died near Paincourtville in March 1869; the priest who recorded the burial, and who did not bother to give any parents' names or even mention a wife, said that Ozémé, as he called him, died at "age ca. 35 years"; nine months shy of that age. Did he father any sons? Was his early death war-related?
Joseph Albert, son of Émilie Moïse, perhaps Joseph Marie's daughter Émilie Marguerite, was born near Pierre Part, Assumption Parish, in April 1865; the priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not name the father.
François Joseph, called Frois, born in Assumption Parish in March 1808, died in Assumption Parish in June 1833. He was only 24 years old and probably did not marry.
Jean Baptiste Thomas, born in Assumption Parish in December 1810, married Mélanie, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Eusèbe Melançon, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in August 1830. Their daughter married into the Charlet family. Jean Baptiste Thomas remarried to Adélaïde Marine, daughter of fellow Acadian Étienne Dupuis, at the Plattenville church in October 1836. Jean Baptiste Thomas died in Assumption Parish in April 1837; he was only 25 years old. He evidently fathered no sons, so, except for its blood, this family line probably died with him.
Youngest son Benoît or Bénoni, born in Assumption Parish in late 1813, died at age 2 months in January 1814.
NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA
Other Moyse/Moïses, or immigrants with similar-sounding surnames, lived in South Louisiana during late colonial, antebellum, and post-war periods. Most were French Creole, Foreign French, or free persons of color, though one of them was Swiss, and others may have been Anglo Americans. The Afro Creoles likely took their family name from the given name of a male ancestor named "Moïse" or "Moyse":
Jean, son of Jean Moisi and ____ Lefevre, "native of Havre de Grace in Normandy in France," died at New Orleans in September 1799. He was only 19 years old and still a bachelor. His parents were not Acadians.
Marie Moyses, "native of this parish [New Orleans]," wife of French Creole Michel Ledoux, died "in Barataria" in April 1803. She was only 33 years old.
Joseph Moye married Acadian Marie Virginie Hébert. Their son Juinau Neuville was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1826. Joseph probably was Anglo American.
Simon Moïse, a 23-year-old native of France, occupation unrecorded, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Robert Parker out of Le Havre, France, in January 1841.
Joseph Moïse, a 25-year-old peddler from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Vesta, no embarkation port given, in December 1843.
Mathias Moïse, a 40-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Millaudon out of Havana, Cuba, in January 1848.
Philomène Moïse, a "free woman of color," married Albert Gilbert, a "free man of color," at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in October 1855. Philomène seems to have moved to Bayou Teche after the War of 1861-65. Her son François was born in St. Martin Parish in June 1878; the St. Martinville priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not name the father.
Alexander, son of Pierre Moisi and Marie Pellendine of Belzona, Switzerland, married Julie, daughter of Xavier Bruat, at the Charenton church, St. Mary Parish, in June 1861.
In June 1860, the federal census taker in Jefferson Parish counted 5 slaves--a male and 4 females, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 18--on E. W. Moïse's farm in Jefferson City.
Charles A. Moïse served as a first lieutenant in the 1st Regiment Louisiana Heavy Artillery. He surrendered with his unit at Meridian, Mississippi, in May 1865.
Domingo Moïse enlisted as a private in Company K of the 13th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Orleans Parish, which fought in Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Georgia, and Alabama, but his date of enlistment has been lost to history. He was captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, in November 1863. The Federals sent him, via Nashville, Tennessee, and Louisville, Kentucky, to the prisoner-of-war camp at Rock Island Barracks, Illinois. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy probably in 1864 and was sent to the naval rendezvous at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois.
H. Moïse was a resident of New Orleans when he enlisted in the Grosse Tete Flying Artillery, later called the 6th Battery Louisiana Artillery, raised in Iberville Parish, that served in Louisiana.
T. S. Moïse served as a major on the general staff of the Confederate States quartermaster department.
The succession record of Wyatt Moye, husband of Mary Dancy, was filed at the Franklin courthouse, St. Mary Parish, in October 1862. Was Wyatt's death war-related?
Jean Moïse, daughter of Adèle ____, was baptized at the Gonzales church, Ascension Parish, "age ca. 18 months," in March 1868.
Rachel Moïse married James Bollin in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in May 1868. The parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names.
Backill "at Mr. Deny's, Parish of False River," son of Jacques Moïse and Victoire ____, married Victoria Avery, daughter of Antoine Valentin and Armentine Vincent, at the Lakeland church, Pointe Coupee Parish, in July 1869.
Adèle, daughter of Moyse Moyse and Carmelite Charlot, married Martin Douglas, son of Rogeur Rogeur and Ane, probably Anne, Katendaus, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in December 1869.
Moyses settled early in Acadia, but they came "late" to Louisiana. In fact, if the Spanish government had not coaxed over 1,500 Acadians in France to emigrate to their Mississippi valley colony, there probably would be no Moïses in the Bayou State today, at least none descended from Acadians. Four Moyses came to Louisiana on three of the Seven Ships from France in 1785, but only one of them could have created a family line. If there are any Acadian Moïses in Louisiana today, they likely are descended from Joseph-Pierre, son of Joseph Moyse of Île St.-Jean; Joseph-Pierre's oldest son, Joseph Marie; and Joseph Marie's only son, Osémé, who settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.
Non-Acadians with similar sounding surnames appear in South Louisiana church records during the late colonial and antebellum periods. Most were French Creoles, Foreign French, or even Anglo Americans, and one of them was Swiss, but some of them were free persons of color who may have used an ancestor's given name, "Moïse," as their surname.
Acadian Osémé Moïse held no slaves during the late antebellum period, at least none who appear on the Federal slave registers of 1850 and 1860, so he and his family participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy. During the War of 1861, probably motivated by the specter of Confederate conscription, Osémé enlisted in a local volunteer cavalry company. Meanwhile, successive Federal incursions devastated the region where his young wife and infant children lived, and Confederate foragers also plagued the area when the Yankees were driven away. After the war, Osémé returned to his farm in Assumption Parish, where he died in March 1869, age 34. One wonders if his early death was war-related. ...
In Acadia, the family's surname was spelled Moyse, but it was also being spelled Moïse by 1785. By the mid-nineteenth century, Moise had become the usual spelling and remains so today, though generally with an anglicized "i" instead of the French "ï." The family's name also is spelled Moises, Moisses, Moy, Moyses.
Sources: Arsenault, Généalogie, 701-02, 2131-32, 2193, 2247; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 2:245; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 3; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 2-C, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; NOAR, vols. 6, 7; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family Nos. 14, 15, 21, 74, 145, 146, 147, 151; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 80; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 135-37; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 115-16, 378-80, 628-33, 671-72; White, DGFA-1, 1241-44; White, DGFA-1 English, 263-64.
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):
Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)
|SB||San Bernardo (St. Bernard)|
Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)
San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)
St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)
Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)
New Orleans (Orleans)
St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)
Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)
Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)
For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.
The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community.
|Anne MOÏSE 01||Dec 1785||BdE, BR||born c1732, probably Annapolis Royal; daughter of François MOYSE dit Latreille, fils & Marie BRUN; first cousin of Marie; married, age 23, (1)Joseph, son of Pierre LEBLANC & Françoise LANDRY, c1754; deported from either Île St.-Jean or Île Royale to St.-Malo, France, aboard one of the Five Ships 25 Nov 1758, arrived St.-Malo 23 Jan 1759, age 26; married, age 30, (2)Claude, son of Jean-Baptiste GUIDRY & Madeleine MIUS D'AZY of Cobeguit, & widower of Anne LEJEUNE, 3 Feb 1762, St.-Suliac, France; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 54; moved to Baton Rouge District; on list of Acadians at Fort Bute, Manchac, 1788, unnamed, with husband & 7 others|
|Joseph-Pierre MOÏSE 02||Sep 1785||Asp||born 26 Jun 1773, baptized 27 Jun 1773, St.-Suliac, France; son of Joseph MOYSE & Marie HÉBERT; brother of Marie-Joséphine; in Poitou, France, 1773-76; in Fourth Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Mar 1776; sailed to LA on Le St.-Rémi, age 12, traveled with widowed mother; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Joseph MOYSE, age 14, with widowed mother; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, age 17, with widowed mother called Marie MOÏSE; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Josef MOÏSES, age 22, with widowed mother; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, age 23, with widowed mother; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, age 24, with widowed mother; married, age 30, Anne-Marguerite of St.-Malo, France, daughter of Bénoni BLANCHARD & his second wife Madeleine FORET, 28 Jun 1803, Assumption, now Plattenville; died [buried] Assumption Parish 13 Feb 1822, age 48|
|Marie MOÏSE 04||Nov 1785||Asp||born c1741, Île Royale; daughter of Louis MOYSE dit Latreille & Marie-Louise PETITPAS; first cousin of Anne; married, age 22, Olivier, son of Claude PITRE & Marguerite DOIRON, 23 Aug 1763, Louisbourg; at Île Miquelon 1766-67; arrived St.-Malo, France, from Île Miquelon aboard La Creole 13 Nov 1767, age 26; at St.-Suliac, France, 1767-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Marie MOYSE, widow Olivier PITRE, with 2 unnamed sons, & 2 unnamed daughters; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 45, widow, head of family; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, medium axe, shove, & knife, & 2 hoes; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Marie MOYSE Widow PITRE, age 50[sic], with son [Louis-]Constant [PITRE] age 12, 6 arpents next to son-in-law Mathurin-Chevalier FRILOT, 20 qts. corn, 2 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Marie MOYSE Widow PITRE, age 54[sic], with son Constant [PITRE] age 19, 0 slaves, 6 arpents next to son-in-law Mathurin-Chevalier FRELO, 0 qts. rice, 50 qts. corn, 0 horned cattle, 0 horses, 12 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria MOISSES, age 66[sic], with no husband & son Constancio [PITRE] age 21; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie MOYSE, Widow, age 67[sic], with son Constan [PITRE] age 22, 0 slaves|
|Marie-Joséphine MOÏSE 03||Sep 1785||Asp||baptized 5 Jun 1779, St.-Similien, Nantes, France; daughter of Joseph MOYSE & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Joseph-Pierre; sailed to LA on Le St.-Rémi, age 6, traveled with widowed mother; not in Valenzuéla censuses of 1788 & 1791 with the rest of her family, so she probably died young|
01. Wall of Names, 44, calls her Anne MOYSE; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 14, shows that in the crossing to St.-Malo in 1758-59, her first husband, Joseph LEBLANC, age 33, died at the hospital probably in St.-Malo 18 Feb 1759, less than a month after they reached the port city, probably from the rigors of the voyage, & that their 2 children, sons Joseph, age 3, & François, age 1, died at sea.
The terrible passage from Acadia to France in 1758-59, in which she lost her husband & 2 children, forced her to create an entirely new family with her second husband, Claude GUIDRY.
02. Wall of Names, 36 (pl. 9L), calls him Joseph [MOYSE], & lists him with his widowed mother & a sister; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 632-33, Family No. 731, his birth/baptismal record, calls him Joseph-Pierre MOYSE, gives his parents' names, says his godparents were Charles HÉBERT & Perpétué MOYSE, & that his family resided at St.-Suliac from 1789-72; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 137, Family No. 250, calls him Joseph [MOYSE], & details his family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s as well as its voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 46-47, calls him Joseph, son [Marie HÉBERT, veuve MOÏSE's] fils, age 12, on the embarkation list, & Joseph MOYSE, his[sic] [Marie HÉBERT, widow MOYSE's] son, age 12, on the complete listing, says he was in the 23rd Family aboard Le St.-Rémi with his mother & a sister, & that he was born in 1773 but gives no birthplace; BRDR, 2:91, 560 (ASM-2, 84, his marriage record, calls him Joseph MOYSES, calls his wife Ana BLANCHARD of St.-Suliac, Diocese of St.-Malo, gives his & her parents' names, says his father was deceased at the time of the marriage, & that the witnesses to his marriage were Josef BOUDRAUX &, of course, Ambroise HÉBERT; BRDR, 4:417 (ASM-3, 149), his death/burial record, calls him Joseph MOÏSE, age 48 yrs., & gives his parents' names but does not mention his wife.
03. Wall of Names, 36 (pl. 9L), calls her Marie [MOYSE], & lists her with her widowed mother & a brother; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 137, Family No. 250, her birth/baptismal record, calls her Marie-Joséphine MOYSE, gives her parents' but not her godparent's names, &, calling her Marie [MOYSE], details her family's voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 46, 47, calls her Marie, sa [Marie HÉBERT, veuve MOÏSE's] fille, age 6, on the embarkation list, & Marie MOYSE, his[sic] [Marie HÉBERT, widow MOYSE's] daughter, age 6, on the complete listing, says she was in the 23rd Family aboard Le St.-Rémi with her mother & a brother, &, calling her Marie-Joséphine, says that she was baptized in 1779 but gives no place of baptism.
What happened to her in LA? When did she die? How old was she? South LA church records are silent. Unfortunately, the debarkation list for Le St.-Rémi did not survive, so she may not even have survived the crossing to New Orleans, or she may have died soon after reaching the colony.
04. Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls her Marie MOÏSE veuve Olivier PITRE, & lists her with 3 children; Arsenault, Généalogie, 702, the Port-Royal section, calls her Marie MOYSE dit Latreille, says she was born in 1745 but gives no birthplace, gives her parents' names, calls her mother Marie PETITOT, says her husband was from Beaubassin & gives his parents' names; Arsenault, p. 2247, her father's profile in the Île Miquelon section, calls her Marie [MOÏSE], gives her parents' names, calls her mother Marie PETITOT, says her mother's parents were Denis PETITOT & Marie ROBICHAUD, details her marriage, & says she, her parents, & her husband were at Miquelon in 1767; White, DGFA-1, 1241, calls her mother Marie-Louise PETITPAS & says her mother's parents were Claude PETITPAS & Marie-Thérèse [an Amerindian]; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 671-72, Family No. 781, calls her Marie MOYSE, says she was born in c1741 on Île Royale, calls her parents Louis MOYSE & Marie PETIT, details her marriage, noting that it was "reinstated" on Miquelon 29 May 1776, says her husband was born in c1741 but gives no birthplace, gives his parents' names, includes the birth/baptismal & death/burial records of son Jean-Baptiste PITRE, born (date not given), baptized privately by Claude DUGAST on 8 Jun 1764, Cap-Breton, recorded 31 May 1766, Notre-Dame-des-Ardiliers, Miquelon, godson of Jean CORMIER & Anne DUGAST, daughter Victoire PITRE, born (date not given), baptized privately on 21 Dec 1765 at Cap-Breton, recorded 31 May 1766, Notre-Dame-des-Ardiliers, Miquelon, goddaughter of Nicolas MOYSE (probably her uncle) & Judith POJET, daughter Marie-Cécile PITRE, born & baptized 19 Dec 1767, St.-Suliac, goddaughter of Bénonie MOYSE & Cécile MOYSE, died 23 May 1771, age 2, buried 24 May 1771, St.-Suliac, daughter Francoise-Olive PITRE, born & baptized 17 Nov 1770, St.-Suliac, goddaughter of Claude GUÉDRY & Agnès PITRE, & daughter Marie-Ludivine PITRE, born & baptized 24 Sep 1772, St.-Suliac, goddaughter of Jean-Baptiste PITRE, her brother, & Marguerite TRASILLE, her aunt, died 23 Jun 1773 of smallpox, age 9 mos., buried 24 Jun 1773, St.-Suliac, & says she, her husband, son Jean & daughter Victoire "arrived at St.-Malo from St.-Pierre and Miquelon on November 13, 1767 on the Schooner, La Creole, & that the family resided at St.-Suliac from 1767 to 1772; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 143-44, Family No. 260, calls her Marie MOYSE, says she was born in c1745 but gives no birthplace, calls her parents Louis MOYSE & Marie PETIT, details her marriage, says her husband was born in 1741 but gives no birthplace, gives his parents' names, includes the birth/baptism & death/burial records of daughter Julie-Aimée PITRE, baptized 6 Mar 1777, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, died 5 Dec 1777, probably Chantenay, daughter Marie-Martine PITRE, baptized 11 Dec 1779, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, died age 3 1/2 & buried 3 Jun 1783, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, & son Jean-Baptiste PITRE, died age 21 & buried 23 Mar 1785, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s as well as its voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 66-67, calls her Marie MOÏSE, veuve Olivier PITRE, age 45, on the embarkation list, Maria MOISES, widow Olivier, on the debarkation list, & Marie MOYSE, widow Olivier PITRE, age 45, on the complete listing, says she was in the 6th Family aboard L'Amitié with 3 children, lists the implements the Spanish gave her after she reached LA, &, calling her Marie MOYSE, details her marriage, including her & her husband's parents' names, calls her mother Marie PETIT, & says they were married in 1763 but gives no place of marriage. See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 501; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 34, 51, 76, 166.
Her estimated birth year is from Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, which conforms to the passenger list of L'Amitié & the LA censuses in which she is found.
For the plight of the Acadians of St.-Pierre & Miquelon & their migration to France in late 1767, see Brasseaux, Scattered to the Wind, 55-59.
When & where did her husband die? It obviously was between the time they moved from Châtellerault to Nantes in late 1775 & when the Spanish listed her & her children at Nantes in Sep 1784 without him. He probably died at Chantenay, but when? Her son Jean-Baptiste, counted in Sep 1784, died 5 months before she & her 3 surviving children left for LA.
From Robichaux's study of the Acadians in France, one can see that she & her husband had at least 8 children in greater Acadia & France, but only 3 of them survived to accompany her to LA & create families of their own.
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